President of Brazil

head of state and head of government of Brazil

The president of Brazil (Portuguese: Presidente do Brasil), officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is the head of state and head of government of Brazil.

President of the Federative Republic of Brazil
Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil
Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
Presidential Standard of Brazil.svg
Jair Bolsonaro 2021 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Jair Bolsonaro

since 1 January 2019
Federal government of Brazil
StyleMr. President[1]
His Excellency
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
Member ofCabinet
National Defense Council
ResidencePalácio da Alvorada
SeatBrasília
AppointerDirect popular vote (two rounds if necessary)
Term lengthFour years,
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Brazil
Inaugural holderDeodoro da Fonseca
FormationProclamation of the Republic
15 November 1889
DeputyVice President of Brazil
SalaryR$ 402,151 annually[2]
Websitewww.gov.br/planalto

RequirementsEdit

The national constitution says that a president be a native-born citizen of Brazil, at least 35 years of age, a resident of Brazil, a registered voter, and a member of a political party.[3]

TermsEdit

The president of Brazil can only be president for a term of four years,[4] and may be re-elected for a second four term.[5] This two-term limit, however, is not for life—a former president who has served for two consecutive terms may run for the presidency again after at least one term has ended.[6]

ListEdit

Living former presidentsEdit

Image Name Term of office Age
  José Sarney 1985–1990 92 years, 15 days
  Fernando Collor de Mello 1990–1992 72 years, 270 days
  Fernando Henrique Cardoso 1995–2002 90 years, 325 days
  Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva 2003–2010 76 years, 194 days
  Dilma Rousseff 2011–2016 74 years, 146 days
  Michel Temer 2016–2018 81 years, 228 days

The longest-lived President was Venceslau Brás, who died on May 15 1966 (at the age of 98 years, 78 days).

The most recent President to die was Itamar Franco, who died on July 2, 2011.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Decreto nº 9.758, de 11 de abril de 2019" (in Portuguese) (70–A). Impressa Nacional. 11 April 2019: 5. ISSN 1677-7042. Retrieved 4 February 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. [1] Archived 2021-05-15 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Transparency, Supervision and Control. Retrieved on 15 May 2021. (in Portuguese)
  3. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 3.
  4. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 82.
  5. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 5.
  6. "G1 > Política - NOTÍCIAS - Terceiro mandato é 'legal e constitucional', diz Dirceu". g1.globo.com. Retrieved 3 April 2020.

Other websitesEdit