President of Egypt

head of state of Egypt

The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt (Arabic: رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية‎) is the head of state of Egypt. Under the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and head of the executive branch of the Egyptian government. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, in office since 8 June 2014.

President of the
Arab Republic of Egypt
Flag of the President of Egypt.svg
Presidential Standard
AbdelFattah Elsisi.jpg
Incumbent
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

since 8 June 2014
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceHeliopolis Palace, Cairo, Egypt
Term lengthFour years
renewable once
Inaugural holderMuhammad Naguib
18 June 1953
Salary900,000 (approx. US$47,000) annually[1]
Websitewww.presidency.gov.eg

2005/2007 constitutional amendmentsEdit

In 2005 and 2007, constitutional amendments were made. Principles in the amended constitution include:

  • The election of the president of the republic by direct secret ballot from among all citizens who have the right to vote.
  • Ensuring that multiple candidates be put forward for the people to choose from.
  • Ensuring the credibility of the nomination process.
  • Providing the opportunity for political parties to put forward one of their leaders to contest the first presidential elections to be held in light of the amendment.
  • The establishment of a presidential election commission that would enjoy complete independence to supervise the election process.
  • Carrying out the election in a single day.
  • Ensuring judicial supervision over the voting process.

CandidacyEdit

Candidates must have the recommendation of 20 members of the House of Representatives or the endorsement of 25,000 people across 15 governorates, with at least 1,000 signatures from each.

TermEdit

The president of the republic may be re-elected once. The constitution specifies the number of terms a president shall remain in office to be limited to two terms.

Living former PresidentsEdit

There are no living former presidents. The latest to die was Hosni Mubarak, who served from 1981 to 2011, on 25 February 2020, aged 91.

ListEdit

Government No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
 
Republic of Egypt
(18 June 1953

22 February 1958)
 
1   Mohamed Naguib
محمد نجيب

(1901–1984)

18 June 1953 14 November 1954
(Resigned)
1 year, 149 days   Military / Liberation Rally
  Revolutionary Command Council
Chairman: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser
14 November 1954 23 June 1956 1 year, 222 days   Military
2   Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر

(1918–1970)

1956
1958
1965
23 June 1956 28 September 1970
(Died)
14 years, 97 days   National Union
(until 1962)
 
United Arab Republic
(22 February 1958

2 September 1971)
 
  Arab Socialist Union
3   Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات

(1918–1981)

1970
1976
28 September 1970 (Acting)
15 October 1970
6 October 1981
(Assassinated)
11 years, 8 days   Arab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
 
Arab Republic of Egypt
(1971

present)
 
  National Democratic Party
  Sufi Abu Taleb
صوفى أبو طالب

(1925–2008)

Acting President 6 October 1981 14 October 1981 8 days   National Democratic Party
4   Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك

(1928–2020)

1981
1987
1993
1999
2005
14 October 1981 11 February 2011
(Resigned)
29 years, 120 days   National Democratic Party
  Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
Chairman: Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
محمد حسين طنطاوي

(1935–)

11 February 2011 30 June 2012 1 year, 140 days   Military
5   Mohamed Morsi
محمد مرسي

(1951–2019)

2012 30 June 2012 3 July 2013
(Deposed)
1 year, 3 days   Freedom and Justice Party
  Adly Mansour
عدلي منصور

(1945–)

Interim President 4 July 2013 8 June 2014 339 days   Independent
6   Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
عبد الفتاح السيسى

(1954–)

2014
2018
8 June 2014 Incumbent[note 1] 6 years, 97 days   Military

NotesEdit

  1. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's mandate expires 8 June 2022.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Wahab, Abdel (2013-12-01). "President to receive legal maximum wage". The Cairo Post. Retrieved 2014-01-19.

Other websitesEdit