President of Ethiopia

Head of state of Ethiopia

The President of Ethiopia, officially the President of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia is the head of state of Ethiopia. The position is largely a ceremonial one. The executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister of Ethiopia. The current president is Sahle-Work Zewde, who took office on 25 October 2018.

President of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
Coat of Arms
Sahle-Work Zewde in 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Sahle-Work Zewde

since 25 October 2018
ResidenceNational Palace, Addis Ababa
Term lengthSix years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMengistu Haile Mariam
Formation10 September 1987

Presidents are elected by the House of Peoples' Representatives for six years, with a two-term limit.

List of presidentsEdit

Name Portrait Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
 Derg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) •  
1 Aman Mikael Andom
Acting Head of State
  1924–1974 12 September 1974 17 November 1974
(Resigned)
Military
2 Mengistu Haile Mariam
Acting Head of State
  1937– 17 November 1974 28 November 1974 Military
3 Tafari Benti   1921–1977 28 November 1974
(Acting Head of State
28 Nov 1974–21 Mar 1975)
3 February 1977
(Assassinated)
Military
2 Mengistu Haile Mariam   1937– 3 February 1977
(Acting Head of State
3–11 Feb 1977)
10 September 1987 Military /
WPE
 People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) •  
2 Mengistu Haile Mariam   1937– 1987 10 September 1987 21 May 1991
(Resigned)
WPE
4 Tesfaye Gebre Kidan
Acting President
  1935–2004 21 May 1991 28 May 1991
(Deposed)
WPE
 Transitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) •  
5 Meles Zenawi
Interim President
  1955–2012 27 May 1991 22 August 1995 TPLF
(EPRDF)
 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) •  
6 Negasso Gidada   1943–2019 1995 22 August 1995 8 October 2001 OPDO
(EPRDF)[1]
7 Girma Wolde-Giorgis   1927–2018 2001
2007
8 October 2001 7 October 2013 Independent
8 Mulatu Teshome   1955– 2013 7 October 2013 25 October 2018 OPDO
(EPRDF)
9 Sahle-Work Zewde   1950– 2018 25 October 2018 Independent

ReferencesEdit

  1. Expelled from both the OPDO and the EPRDF coalition on 22 June 2001

Other websitesEdit