President of Peru

head of the Republic of Peru

The President of Peru (Spanish: Presidente del Perú) officially called the President of the Republic of Peru (Spanish: Presidente de la República del Perú) is the head of state and head of government of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters.

President of the Republic of Peru
Presidente de la República del Perú
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Presidential Standard of Peru.svg
Presidential standard
Francisco Sagasti y FFAA (cropped).jpg
Francisco Sagasti

since November 16, 2020
ResidenceGovernment Palace
AppointerDirect popular election
Term lengthFive years
Not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holderJosé de San Martín (de facto)
José de la Riva Agüero (first to bear the title)
FormationFebruary 28, 1823
DeputyVice President of Peru

The last directly elected President of Peru was Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, from 28 July 2016 to 21 March 2018, when he resigned from office.

List of PresidentsEdit


Presidents are elected for five-year terms, with no opportunity for immediate reelection. A former president can run again after being out of office for a full term.[1] The change of government takes place on July 28, which is the date of independence from Spain and thus a national holiday.


There are only five ways the office of President of Peru can be left empty:

  1. Death of the President of the Republic.
  2. His permanent moral or physical disability, declared by Congress.
  3. Acceptance of his resignation by Congress.
  4. Leaving the national territory without permission of the Congress or not returning to it within the established period.
  5. Dismissal, after having been sanctioned for any of the infractions mentioned in Article 117 of the Constitution.

Four presidents of Peru have resigned: Guillermo Billinghurst (forced resignation), Andrés Avelino Cáceres, Alberto Fujimori, and Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.

Martín Vizcarra was impeached and removed from office on 10 November 2020.

Living former PresidentsEdit

There are six living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Alan García (1985–1990; 2006–2012), on 17 April 2019.


  1. "Political Constitution of Peru, Article 112" (PDF).

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to President of Peru at Wikimedia Commons