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President of the European Council

principal representative of the European Union on the world stage

The President of the European Council is a position that was created by the Treaty of Lisbon. The President is the chairman of the European Council, which is the meeting of the leaders of all the member states.

President of the European Council
Council of the EU and European Council.svg
Emblem of European Council
Flag of Europe.svg
Charles Michel (politician).jpg
Incumbent
Charles Michel

since 1 December 2019
European Council
StyleMr. President
StatusPresiding and chief administrative officer
Member ofEuropean Council (non-voting)
ResidenceEuropa building
SeatBrussels, Belgium
AppointerEuropean Council
by qualified majority
Term length2.5 years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentTreaties of the European Union
PrecursorChairman of the European Council
Formation1 December 2009
First holderHerman Van Rompuy
Websiteconsilium.europa.eu

BackgroundEdit

It's a very diplomatic figure, and it's not like a head of state: the President does not have any power to make decisions about the European Union. The Union has several other presidents, such as the president of the European Parliament and the president of the European Commission. But the President of the European Council, casually but wrongly known as The President of Europe, is the face by which the European Union is known to the rest of the world. The more practical aspects of this task are the responsibility of the High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, the Commissioner responsible for external affairs.

On 2 July 2019, the European Council elected Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel as the successor to Donald Tusk as President of the European Council for the period from 1 December 2019 to 31 May 2022.[1]

List of presidentEdit

Rotating presidents (1975–2009)Edit

Year Period Office Holder European party State
1975 Jan–Jun Liam Cosgrave European People's Party   Ireland
Jul–Dec Aldo Moro European People's Party   Italy
1976 Jan–Jun Gaston Thorn Liberal and Democratic Group   Luxembourg
Jul–Dec Joop den Uyl Party of European Socialists   Netherlands
1977 Jan–Jun James Callaghan Party of European Socialists   United Kingdom
Jul–Dec Leo Tindemans European People's Party   Belgium
1978 Jan–Jun Anker Jørgensen Party of European Socialists   Denmark
Jul–Dec Helmut Schmidt Party of European Socialists   West Germany
1979 Jan–Jun Valéry Giscard d'Estaing European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party   France
Jul–Dec Jack Lynch European Progressive Democrats   Ireland
Dec Charles Haughey European Progressive Democrats
1980 Jan–Jun Francesco Cossiga European People's Party   Italy
Jul–Dec Pierre Werner European People's Party   Luxembourg
1981 Jan–Jun Dries van Agt European People's Party   Netherlands
Jul–Dec Margaret Thatcher Independent   United Kingdom
1982 Jan–Jun Wilfried Martens European People's Party   Belgium
Jul–Sep Anker Jørgensen Party of European Socialists   Denmark
Sep–Dec Poul Schlüter European People's Party
1983 Jan–Jun Helmut Kohl European People's Party   West Germany
Jul–Dec Andreas Papandreou Party of European Socialists   Greece
1984 Jan–Jun François Mitterrand Party of European Socialists   France
Jul–Dec Garret FitzGerald European People's Party   Ireland
1985 Jan–Jun Bettino Craxi Party of European Socialists   Italy
Jul–Dec Jacques Santer European People's Party   Luxembourg
1986 Jan–Jun Ruud Lubbers European People's Party   Netherlands
Jul–Dec Margaret Thatcher Independent   United Kingdom
1987 Jan–Jun Wilfried Martens European People's Party   Belgium
Jul–Dec Poul Schlüter European People's Party   Denmark
1988 Jan–Jun Helmut Kohl European People's Party   West Germany
Jul–Dec Andreas Papandreou Party of European Socialists   Greece
1989 Jan–Jun Felipe González Party of European Socialists   Spain
Jul–Dec François Mitterrand Party of European Socialists   France
1990 Jan–Jun Charles Haughey European Democratic Alliance   Ireland
Jul–Dec Giulio Andreotti European People's Party   Italy
1991 Jan–Jun Jacques Santer European People's Party   Luxembourg
Jul–Dec Ruud Lubbers European People's Party   Netherlands
1992 Jan–Jun Aníbal Cavaco Silva European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party   Portugal
Jul–Dec John Major Independent   United Kingdom
1993 Jan Poul Schlüter European People's Party   Denmark
Jan–Jun Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Party of European Socialists
Jul–Dec Jean-Luc Dehaene European People's Party   Belgium
1994 Jan–Jun Andreas Papandreou Party of European Socialists   Greece
Jul–Dec Helmut Kohl European People's Party   Germany
1995 Jan–May François Mitterrand Party of European Socialists   France
May–Jun Jacques Chirac Independent
Jul–Dec Felipe González Party of European Socialists   Spain
1996 Jan–May Lamberto Dini European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party   Italy
May–Jun Romano Prodi Party of European Socialists
Jul–Dec John Bruton European People's Party   Ireland
1997 Jan–Jun Wim Kok Party of European Socialists   Netherlands
Jul–Dec Jean-Claude Juncker European People's Party   Luxembourg
1998 Jan–Jun Tony Blair Party of European Socialists   United Kingdom
Jul–Dec Viktor Klima Party of European Socialists   Austria
1999 Jan–Jun Gerhard Schröder Party of European Socialists   Germany
Jul–Dec Paavo Lipponen Party of European Socialists   Finland
2000 Jan–Jun António Guterres Party of European Socialists   Portugal
Jul–Dec Jacques Chirac European People's Party   France
2001 Jan–Jun Göran Persson Party of European Socialists   Sweden
Jul–Dec Guy Verhofstadt European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party   Belgium
2002 Jan–Jun José María Aznar European People's Party   Spain
Jul–Dec Anders Fogh Rasmussen European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party   Denmark
2003 Jan–Jun Costas Simitis Party of European Socialists   Greece
Jul–Dec Silvio Berlusconi European People's Party   Italy
2004 Jan–Jun Bertie Ahern Union for Europe of the Nations   Ireland
Jul–Dec Jan Peter Balkenende European People's Party   Netherlands
2005 Jan–Jun Jean-Claude Juncker European People's Party   Luxembourg
Jul–Dec Tony Blair Party of European Socialists   United Kingdom
2006 Jan–Jun Wolfgang Schüssel European People's Party   Austria
Jul–Dec Matti Vanhanen European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party   Finland
2007 Jan–Jun Angela Merkel European People's Party   Germany
Jul–Dec José Sócrates Party of European Socialists   Portugal
2008 Jan–Jun Janez Janša European People's Party   Slovenia
Jul–Dec Nicolas Sarkozy European People's Party   France
2009 Jan–May Mirek Topolánek Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists   Czech Republic
May–Jun Jan Fischer Independent
Jul–Nov Fredrik Reinfeldt European People's Party   Sweden

Permanent presidents (since 2009)Edit

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Country Term of office European political party National political party
1   Herman Van Rompuy
(born 1947)
  Belgium 1 December 2009 30 November 2014[2]

EPP CD&V
Previously Prime Minister of Belgium (2008–2009), Van Rompuy was the first permanent officeholder, chosen as a low profile consensus builder. He led a task force on reforming the EU's economic governance, drafting the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) treaty and amendment. He is a supporter of greater economic integration but against the accession of Turkey to the EU.
2   Donald Tusk
(born 1957)
  Poland 1 December 2014[3] 30 November 2019 EPP PO
Previously Prime Minister of Poland (2007–2014), he is the longest serving head of government of the Third Republic of Poland. Tusk's Civic Platform won a plurality of seats in the 2011 parliamentary election, meaning that he became the first Polish Prime Minister to be reelected since the fall of communism.
3   Charles Michel
(born 1975)
  Belgium 1 December 2019 ALDE MR
Prime Minister of Belgium (since 2014).

ReferencesEdit

  1. Special meeting of the European Council (30 June, 1 and 2 July 2019) – Conclusions
  2. "Herman Van Rompuy re-elected president" (PDF). Council of the European Union. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  3. "Poland's Donald Tusk takes over as EU Council president". Deutsche Welle. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.