President of the United States

head of state and of government of the USA
President of the
United States of America
Flag of the President of the United States of America.svg
Donald Trump President-elect portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Donald Trump

since January 20, 2017
Style Mr. President
(Informal)[1][2]
The Honorable
(Formal)[3]
His Excellency[4][5][6]
(diplomatic, outside the U.S.)
Residence White House
Washington, D.C.
Term length Four years
renewable once
Inaugural holder George Washington
April 30, 1789
Formation United States Constitution
March 4, 1789
Salary $400,000 annually
Website The White House

The President of the United States of America is the head of state, and head of government of the United States. The office of President was created in the United States Constitution in 1788. The first President (George Washington) took office in 1789. The President serves as chief executive and is in charge of the executive branch of the United States government. The United States Constitution makes the President the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. It also lists powers given to the President, though these powers have been expanded through practice over time.

On November 9, 2016, Donald Trump was elected to be the 45th U.S. President,not including Grover Clevlend's second non-consecitive term.  Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms in office, and is counted as the nation's 22nd and 24th president. Thus the incumbentDonald Trump, is the nation's 45th president. There are currently five living former presidents. The most recent death of a former president was on December 26, 2006 with the death of Gerald Ford; the most recently serving president to die was Ronald Reagan on June 5, 2004. He was formally inaugurated on January 20, 2017, succeeding Barack Obama.

Contents

RequirementsEdit

Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets the requirements to hold office. A president must:

Election process and termsEdit

The president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States.[7] A president must receive more than 270 electoral college votes in order to win an election. Ronald Reagan received 525 votes which is the most electoral votes of any other president.

A president can only serve two terms as president, which is 8 years. Franklin D. Roosevelt served four terms as president. He died while beginning his four term. After his death, congress passed an amendment which limits the number of terms a president can have.

William Henry Harrison served the shortest term, one month, because he died in office from pneumonia.

InaugurationsEdit

A president officially becomes president after being inaugurated on January 20th. The president must be given the oath of office by the Chief Justice of the United States. It is traditionally held at the United States Capitol.

Powers of the presidentEdit

These powers include :

With the agreement of the United States Senate he or she can:

SuccessionEdit

If the president dies/retires between elections or is otherwise removed from office, the Acting President will become president, who is usually the Vice President.

Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy were assassinated while in office. William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, and Warren G. Harding died from illness while president. John Tyler was the first Vice President of the United States to become president.

Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon's vice president, became president after Nixon resigned. Nixon is the only president to have resigned.

TravelingEdit

A president travels by either traveling on Air Force One, Marine One, or by the Presidential state car. At all times, the president is protected by Secret Service agents. Sometimes, the president may travel to Camp David for either relaxation or to do some work in peace.

List of Presidents of the United StatesEdit

Living former presidentsEdit

Image Name Term Date of birth
  Jimmy Carter 1977–1981 October 1, 1924 (1924-10-01) (age 92)
  George H. W. Bush 1989–1993 June 12, 1924 (1924-06-12) (age 92)
  Bill Clinton 1993–2001 August 19, 1946 (1946-08-19) (age 70)
  George W. Bush 2001–2009 July 6, 1946 (1946-07-06) (age 70)
  Barack Obama 2009–2017 August 4, 1961 (1961-08-04) (age 55)

Presidential rankingsEdit

Presidential librariesEdit

Since Herbert Hoover, each president has created a institutional place known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records and other documents and materials. There are currently thirteen presidential libraries in the NARA system.

There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, which is run by the State of Illinois.

Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president such as Richard Nixon at his library in Yorba Linda, California and Ronald Reagan at his library in Simi Valley, California.

SourcesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Foreign-born American citizens who met the age and residency requirements at the time the Constitution was adopted were also eligible for the presidency. However, this allowance has since become obsolete.

Other websitesEdit