Prime Minister of Ethiopia

head of government of Ethiopia

The Prime Minister of Ethiopia is the head of the Ethiopian government and the most powerful figure in Ethiopian politics. Although the President of Ethiopia is the country's head of state, his powers are largely ceremonial, the constitution states that the Prime Minister has more power and serves as chief executive.

Prime Minister of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
የኢ.ፌ.ዴ.ሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር
Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
Emblem
Abiy Ahmed with LI Yong 2018 (cropped).jpeg
Incumbent
Abiy Ahmed

since 2 April 2018
ResidenceMenelik Palace, Addis Ababa
AppointerPresident of Ethiopia
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderHabte Giyorgis
(Chief Minister)
Makonnen Endelkachew
(Prime Minister)
Formation1909 (Chief Minister)
1943 (Prime Minister)

The official residence of the prime minister, is Menelik Palace in Addis Ababa. The current Prime Minister is Abiy Ahmed of EPRDF, the twelfth person to hold the position.

List of heads of governmentEdit

Name Portrait Birth–Death Election Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
 Ethiopian Empire (1137–1974) •  
1 Fitawrari
Habte Giyorgis
  1851–1927 1909 1927
(Died in Office)
Independent
2 Ras
Tafari Makonnen[1]
  1892–1975 1927 1 May 1936
(Exiled)
Independent
3 Betwoded
Wolde Tzaddick
  1 May 1936 14 May 1942 Independent
4 Ras Betwoded
Makonnen Endelkachew
  1890–1963 14 May 1942 27 November 1957 Independent
5 Ras
Abebe Aregai
  1903–1960 1957 27 November 1957 17 December 1960
(Assassinated)
Independent
Leul Ras
Imru Haile Selassie[2]
  1892–1980 14 December 1960 17 December 1960
Vacant (17 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Tsehafi Taezaz
Aklilu Habte-Wold
  1912–1974 1961
1965
1969
1973
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
Independent
7 Lij
Endelkachew Makonnen
  1927–1974 1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Imprisoned by the Derg)
Independent
Vacant (22 July 1974–3 August 1974)
8 Lij
Mikael Imru
  1929–2008 3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed by the Derg)
Independent
 Derg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) •  
Post Abolished (12 September 1974–10 September 1987)
 People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) •  
9 Fikre Selassie Wogderess   1945–2020 1987 10 September 1987 8 November 1989
(Dismissed)
WPE
10 Hailu Yimenu
Acting Prime Minister
  ?–1991 8 November 1989 26 April 1991 WPE
11 Tesfaye Dinka
Acting Prime Minister
  1939–2016 26 April 1991 6 June 1991
(Deposed)
WPE
 Transitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) •  
12 Tamrat Layne
Interim Prime Minister
  1955– 6 June 1991 22 August 1995 ANDM
(EPRDF)
 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) •  
13 Meles Zenawi   1955–2012 1995
2000
2005
2010
23 August 1995 20 August 2012
(Died in Office)
TPLF
(EPRDF)
14 Hailemariam Desalegn   1965– 2015 20 August 2012
(Acting PM
20 Aug–21 Sept 2012)
2 April 2018
(Caretaker PM
15 Feb–2 Apr 2018)
SEPDM
(EPRDF)
15 Abiy Ahmed   1976–
2021
2 April 2018 Incumbent OPDO
(EPRDF)

ReferencesEdit

  1. From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I
  2. In rebellion during the 1960 coup attempt