Prime Minister of France

head of government and of the Council of Ministers of France

The Prime Minister of France is the person who controls the government of France. He is appointed by the President of France. The current Prime Minister of France is Jean Castex. He was given the job by President Emmanuel Macron on July 3, 2020.

Prime Minister of the French Republic
Premier ministre de la république française
Portrait Jean Castex (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Jean Castex

since 3 July 2020
StylePrime Minister or His Excellency
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
Council of State
Reports toPresident of the French Republic
and to Parliament
ResidenceHôtel de Matignon
SeatParis, France
AppointerPresident of the French Republic
Term lengthNo fixed term
Remains in office while commanding the confidence of the National Assembly
Constituting instrumentConstitution of France
PrecursorSeveral incarnations since the Ancien Régime
Inaugural holderMichel Debré
Formation4 October 1958
Salary€178,920 annually[1]
Websitewww.gouvernement.fr

List of Prime Ministers (since 1958)Edit

Political parties

  Independent
  Gaullist (UNR/UDR/RPR/UMP/LR)
  Centrist (LREM)
  Liberal-centrist (UDF/DL)
  Socialist

No. Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
(Political coalition)
Government Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
Took office Left office Time in office
79   Michel Debré
(1912–1996)
8 January 1959 14 April 1962 3 years, 96 days Union for the New Republic Debré [fr] I
(1958)
18 Charles de Gaulle
 
(1959–1969)
80   Georges Pompidou
(1911–1974)
14 April 1962 7 December 1962 6 years, 87 days Union for the New Republic Pompidou I [fr]
7 December 1962 8 January 1966 Pompidou II [fr] II
(1962)
8 January 1966 1 April 1967 Pompidou III [fr]
5 April 1967 10 July 1968 Pompidou IV [fr] III
(1967)
81   Maurice Couve de Murville
(1907–1999)
10 July 1968 20 June 1969 345 days Union of Democrats for the Republic Couve de Murville [fr] IV
(1968)
82   Jacques Chaban-Delmas
(1915–2000)
20 June 1969 6 July 1972 3 years, 16 days Union of Democrats for the Republic Chaban-Delmas [fr] 19 Georges Pompidou
 
(1969–1974)
83   Pierre Messmer
(1916–2007)
6 July 1972 5 April 1973 1 year, 325 days Union of Democrats for the Republic Messmer I [fr]
5 April 1973 1 March 1974 Messmer II [fr] V
(1973)
1 March 1974 27 May 1974 Messmer III [fr]
84   Jacques Chirac
(1932–2019)
27 May 1974 26 August 1976 2 years, 91 days Union of Democrats for the Republic Chirac I [fr] 20 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
 
(1974–1981)
85   Raymond Barre
(1924–2007)
26 August 1976 29 March 1977 4 years, 268 days Independent Barre I [fr]
29 March 1977 31 March 1978 Barre II [fr]
31 March 1978 21 May 1981 Union for French Democracy Barre III [fr] VI
(1978)
86   Pierre Mauroy
(1928–2013)
21 May 1981 23 June 1981 3 years, 57 days Socialist Party Mauroy I [fr] 21 François Mitterrand
 
(1981–1995)
23 June 1981 23 March 1983 Mauroy II [fr] VII
(1981)
23 March 1983 17 July 1984 Mauroy III [fr]
87   Laurent Fabius
(1946–)
17 July 1984 20 March 1986 1 year, 246 days Socialist Party Fabius [fr]
(84)   Jacques Chirac
(1932–2019)
20 March 1986 10 May 1988 2 years, 51 days Rally for the Republic Chirac II [fr] VIII
(1986)
88   Michel Rocard
(1930–2016)
10 May 1988 22 June 1988 3 years, 5 days Socialist Party Rocard I
23 June 1988 15 May 1991 Rocard II IX
(1988)
89   Édith Cresson
(1934–)
15 May 1991 2 April 1992 323 days Socialist Party Cresson [fr]
90   Pierre Bérégovoy
(1925–1993)
2 April 1992 29 March 1993 361 days Socialist Party Bérégovoy [fr]
91   Édouard Balladur
(1929–)
29 March 1993 17 May 1995 2 years, 49 days Rally for the Republic Balladur [fr] X
(1993)
92   Alain Juppé
(1945–)
18 May 1995 7 November 1995 2 years, 16 days Rally for the Republic Juppé I [fr] 22 Jacques Chirac
 
(1995–2007)
7 November 1995 3 June 1997 Juppé II [fr]
93   Lionel Jospin
(1937–)
3 June 1997 6 May 2002 4 years, 337 days Socialist Party Jospin [fr] XI
(1997)
94   Jean-Pierre Raffarin
(1948–)
7 May 2002 17 June 2002 3 years, 24 days Liberal Democracy
then Union for a Popular Movement
Raffarin I [fr]
17 June 2002 30 March 2004 Raffarin II [fr] XII
(2002)
31 March 2004 31 May 2005 Raffarin III [fr]
95   Dominique de Villepin
(1953–)
31 May 2005 15 May 2007 1 year, 349 days Union for a Popular Movement Villepin [fr]
96   François Fillon
(1954–)
17 May 2007 18 June 2007 4 years, 361 days Union for a Popular Movement Fillon I [fr] 23 Nicolas Sarkozy
 
(2007–2012)
19 June 2007 13 November 2010 Fillon II [fr] XIII
(2007)
14 November 2010 10 May 2012 Fillon III
97   Jean-Marc Ayrault
(1950–)
15 May 2012 18 June 2012 1 year, 320 days Socialist Party Ayrault I 24 François Hollande
 
(2012–2017)
18 June 2012 31 March 2014 Ayrault II XIV
(2012)
98   Manuel Valls
(1962–)
31 March 2014 25 August 2014 2 years, 250 days Socialist Party Valls I
25 August 2014 6 December 2016 Valls II
99   Bernard Cazeneuve
(1963–)
6 December 2016 15 May 2017 160 days Socialist Party Cazeneuve
100   Édouard Philippe
(1970–)
15 May 2017 19 June 2017 3 years, 49 days The Republicans
Then miscellaneous right
Philippe I 25 Emmanuel Macron
 
(2017–)
19 June 2017 3 July 2020 Philippe II XV
(2017)
101   Jean Castex
(1965–)
3 July 2020 Incumbent 150 days La République En Marche! Castex


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