Prime Minister of Japan

head of government of Japan

The prime minister of Japan (日本国内閣総理大臣, Naikaku sōri daijin) is the head of the government of Japan as well as the director and chief of the executive branch of the central government. The prime minister appoints the cabinet and wields the power to dismiss any cabinet minister.

Prime Minister of Japan
The Seal & Standard of the Prime Minister of Japan
Fumio Kishida

since 4 October 2021
Executive Branch of the Japanese Government
Office of the Prime Minister
StyleHis Excellency (formal)
StatusHead of Government
Member ofCabinet
National Security Council
National Diet
SeatTokyo, Japan
NominatorNational Diet
AppointerThe Emperor
since 1 May 2019)
The monarch invites the designated prime minister confirmed by the Diet to form a government
Term lengthFour years or fewer, renewable indefinitely.[a]
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Japan
PrecursorShogun of Japan
Inaugural holderItō Hirobumi
Formation22 December 1885 (1885-12-22)
(138 years, 5 months ago)
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Japan
Salary¥ 40,490,000 ($377,180) annually[1]

The current prime minister is Fumio Kishida since 4 October 2021.[2]

List of prime ministers


Living former prime ministers

Number Name Tenure Date of birth Age
1 Tomiichi Murayama 1994–1996 (1924-03-03)3 March 1924 100 years, 89 days
2 Yasuo Fukuda 2007–2008 (1936-07-16)16 July 1936 87 years, 320 days
3 Yoshirō Mori 2000–2001 (1937-07-14)14 July 1937 86 years, 322 days
4 Morihiro Hosokawa 1993–1994 (1938-01-14)14 January 1938 86 years, 138 days
5 Tarō Asō 2008–2009 (1940-09-20)20 September 1940 83 years, 254 days
6 Junichiro Koizumi 2001–2006 (1942-01-08)8 January 1942 82 years, 144 days
7 Naoto Kan 2010–2011 (1946-10-10)10 October 1946 77 years, 234 days
8 Yukio Hatoyama 2009–2010 (1947-02-11)11 February 1947 77 years, 110 days
9 Yoshihide Suga 2020–2021 (1948-12-06)6 December 1948 75 years, 177 days
10 Yoshihiko Noda 2011–2012 (1957-05-20)20 May 1957 67 years, 11 days





  1. " Pay Check". IG.
  2. "Fumio Kishida takes office as Japan's new Prime Minister".
  3. Updated daily according to UTC.
  1. The Cabinet shall resign en masse after a general election of members of the House of Representatives. Their term of office is four years which can be terminated earlier. No limits are imposed on the number of terms or tenures the Prime Minister may hold. The Prime Minister is, by convention, the leader of the victorious party, though some prime ministers have been elected from junior coalition partners or minority parties.

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