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Prime Minister of Malaysia

Head of Government of Malaysia

The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints Prime Minister as a Member of Parliament (MP). The Prime Minister chairs the Cabinet of Malaysia, the de facto executive branch of government.

Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
Mahathir 2019 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mahathir Mohamad

since 10 May 2018
Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
StyleYang Amat Berhormat
(The Most Honourable)
Member ofCabinet
National Economic Council
House of Representatives
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Perdana
SeatPerdana Putra, Putrajaya
Appointer
Perdana Menteri
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the lower house of Parliament with General Elections held no more than five years apart
Constituting instrumentFederal Constitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holderTunku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957; 61 years ago (1957-08-31)
SalaryMYR 22,826.65 monthly[1]
Websitewww.pmo.gov.my

List of Prime Ministers of MalaysiaEdit

Colour key (for political coalitions):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional   Pakatan Harapan

Portrait Name

(birth and death) Constituency

Term of office Coalition (Party) Duration
1   Tunku Abdul Rahman

(1903–1990)
MLC for Sungei Muda, 1955–1959
MP for Kuala Kedah, 1959–1973

31 August 1957 22 September 1970 Alliance Party (UMNO) 13 years, 22 days
1955, 1959, 1964, 1969
First Malayan Five-Year Plan; Malayan Emergency; Second Malayan Five-Year Plan; National Education Policy; Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation; Malaysia Agreement; PAP–UMNO relations; Independence of Singapore Agreement 1965; 1966 Sarawak Emergency; First Malaysia Plan; Association of Southeast Asian Nations; Organisation of Islamic Cooperation; 13 May Incident; Served as Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Minister of Youth, Culture and Sports. He is often referred to as Father of Independence (Bapa Kemerdekaan) and Father of Malaysia (Bapa Malaysia).
2   Abdul Razak Hussein

(1922–1976)
MLC for Semantan, 1955–1959
MP for Pekan, 1959–1976

22 September 1970 14 January 1976 Alliance Party (UMNO) 5 years, 114 days
BN (UMNO)
1974
Razak Report; National Operations Council; 1971 constitutional amendments; Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality; National Culture Policy; National Energy Policy; National Petroleum Policy; Second Malaysia Plan; Malaysian New Economic Policy; The youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 48. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Rural Development, Minister of National and Rural Development, Minister of Lands and Mines, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Finance. He is referred to as Father of Development (Bapa Pembangunan).
3   Hussein Onn

(1922–1990)
MP for Johore Bahru Timor, 1971–1974
MP for Sri Gading, 1974–1981

14 January 1976 16 July 1981 BN (UMNO) 5 years, 183 days
1978
Third Malaysia Plan; 1977 Kelantan Emergency; Malaysian Technical Corporation Plan; Fourth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Finance, Minister of Coordination of Public Corporations, Minister of Defence, Minister of Federal Territories. He is referred to as Father of Unity (Bapa Perpaduan).
4   Mahathir Mohamad

(b. 1925)
MP for Kota Star Selatan, 1964–1969
MP for Kubang Pasu, 1974–2004

16 July 1981 31 October 2003 BN (UMNO) 22 years, 107 days
1982, 1986, 1990, 1995, 1999
Clean, Fair and Trustworthy; Look East Policy; Privatisation Policy; Malaysia Incorporated Policy; Buy British Last; Leadership by Example; 70 Million Population Policy; Heavy Industry Policy; Application of Islamic Values Policy; 1983 constitutional amendments; Fifth Malaysia Plan; 1986 Sabah Emergency; Operation Lalang; 1988 constitutional amendments; Vision 2020; Sixth Malaysia Plan; 1993 constitutional amendments; Seventh Malaysia Plan; Eighth Malaysia Plan; He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Malaysia. He led the BN into 5 consecutive election victories. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance. He is referred to as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan).
5   Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

(b. 1939)
MP for Kepala Batas, 1978–2013

31 October 2003 3 April 2009 BN (UMNO) 5 years, 154 days
2004, 2008
Ninth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister without Portfolio, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance, Minister of Internal Security. He is referred to as Father of Human Capital Development (Bapa Pembangunan Modal Insan).
6   Najib Razak

(b. 1953)
MP for Pekan, Pahang, 1974-1982 1986-

3 April 2009 10 May 2018 BN (UMNO) 9 years, 37 days
2013
1MDB; Tenth Malaysia Plan; Eleventh Malaysia Plan; Prior to his appointment as PM, he served as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Defence, Minister of Education, Minister of Finance.
7   Mahathir Mohamad

(b. 1925)
MP for Langkawi, since 2018

10 May 2018 Incumbent PH (PPBM) 1 year, 67 days
2018
This is his second appointment as Prime Minister, 15 years after his retirement from politics. He was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003 and referred as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan). He is the only person to hold the position for two opposing political parties. He is the oldest Prime Minister to be elected at the age of 92.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.