Princess Alice of the United Kingdom

British princess, third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert (1843-1878)

The Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary: Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878).

Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
A photo of Alice aged 28
Photograph by Franz Backofen, 1871
Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and by Rhine
Tenure13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878
Born(1843-04-25)25 April 1843
Buckingham Palace, London, England
Died14 December 1878(1878-12-14) (aged 35)
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Burial18 December 1878
Rosenhöhe, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Spouse
Issue
Full name
Alice Maud Mary
HouseSaxe-Coburg and Gotha
FatherPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
MotherQueen Victoria

She was the second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. In 1861, she acted as the nurse to her dying father, and became interested in nursing.

In 1862, she married Prince Louis of Hesse and moved to Hesse, where she had several children including Princess Elisabeth of Hesse, Alice Romanov Chaytow and Alexandra, future Russian Empress and wife of Tsar Nicholas II.

After an unhappy marriage and a number of family deaths, the royal family of Hesse caught diphtheria. Alice's younger son died, and after kissing the elder one, she caught the disease and died on the anniversary of her father's death, 14 December 1878. She is buried in Hesse.

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 25 April 1843 – 1 July 1862: Her Royal Highness The Princess Alice
  • 1 July 1862 – 13 June 1877: Her Royal Highness Princess Louis of Hesse and by Rhine
  • 13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine

ReferencesEdit

  • Packard, Jerrold M. (1998). Victoria's Daughters. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-24496-7.
  • Pakula, Hannah (1995). An Uncommon Woman: The Empress Frederick. London: Phoenix Press. ISBN 1-84212-623-7.
  • Van der Kiste, John (1986). Queen Victoria's Children. Gloucestershire, England: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-3476-X.

Other websitesEdit

  • K. D. Reynolds, ‘Alice, Princess (1843–1878)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2007 accessed 27 Nov 2008