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Robert Mugabe

former President of Zimbabwe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a Zimbabwean politician. He was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 to 2017. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980.[1] For many years before he resigned, Mugabe ruled his country in the style of a dictator.

Robert Mugabe
A photograph of Robert Mugabe
2nd President of Zimbabwe
In office
31 December 1987 – 21 November 2017
Prime MinisterMorgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)
First Vice President
Second Vice President
Preceded byCanaan Banana
Succeeded byEmmerson Mnangagwa
1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
PresidentCanaan Banana
DeputySimon Muzenda
Preceded byAbel Muzorewa (Zimbabwe Rhodesia)
Succeeded byMorgan Tsvangirai (2009)
Leader and First Secretary of ZANU–PF
Zimbabwe African National Union (1975–1987)
In office
18 March 1975 – 19 November 2017
Chairman
Second Secretary
Preceded byHerbert Chitepo
Succeeded byEmmerson Mnangagwa
13th Chairperson of the African Union
In office
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
LeaderNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Preceded byMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Succeeded byIdriss Déby
10th Secretary General of the
Non-Aligned Movement
In office
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
DeputyJanez Drnovšek
Preceded byZail Singh
Succeeded byJanez Drnovšek
Personal details
Born
Robert Gabriel Mugabe

(1924-02-21) 21 February 1924 (age 95)
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia
Political partyNational Democratic Party (1960–1961)
Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963)
Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987)
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (1987–2017)
Spouse(s)
Sally Hayfron
(m. 1961; her death 1992)

Grace Marufu (m. 1996)
Children4, including Bona
Alma materUniversity of Fort Hare
University of South Africa
University of London International Programmes
Signature

His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land owned by white people back to the "original" black owners.[2] This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations.

On November 15, 2017, he was placed under house arrest[3] as Zimbabwe's military took control in a coup.[4] On November 21, 2017, Mugabe resigned as President of Zimbabwe.[5] It ended his rule of 37 years.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. p. 123.
  2. Africa Recovery, United Nations (1998). "Zimbabwe presses land distribution".
  3. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'". BBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  4. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'". BBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  5. "Zimbabwe's President Mugabe 'resigns'". BBC News. 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2017-11-21.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Robert Mugabe at Wikimedia Commons   Quotations related to Robert Mugabe at Wikiquote African Union chairpersons