Roger A. Young

American zoologist

Roger Arliner Young (August 20, 1899-November 9, 1964[1][2]) was a zoologist, biologist, and marine biologist.[3] She was the first Black American woman to get a Ph.D. in zoology.[2][1][4] She is best known for her groundbreaking research in fertilization and her revolutionary article published in Science in 1924, “On the Excretory Apparatus in Paramecium.”[1] She was the first Black woman to publish in Science magazine or any other biology publication.[4][3] She was the first Black woman to do research at Woods Hole, in Massachusetts.[5] In fact, in 2005, a Congressional Resolution said she had “broken through many barriers to achieve greatness in science."[4][2] She also was a co-founder of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity.[4]

Roger Arliner Young
Born1899
Clifton Forge, Virginia, US
DiedNovember 9, 1964(1964-11-09) (aged 64–65)
New Orleans, Louisiana
NationalityAmerican
Alma materHoward University
University of Chicago
University of Pennsylvania
Scientific career
Fieldszoology, biology, marine biology
Institutionsmarine biological laboratory

Early life and educationEdit

Young was born in Clifton Forge, Virginia.[1] She grew up in Burgettstown, Pennsylvania.[1] Young had to take care of her mother. Her mother could not work. Young also had health problems.[4]

Young attended Howard University. She began when she was twenty-seven years old.[5] She planned to study music.[5] In 1921, she met Ernest Everett Just.[1] She took a biology class from him.[5] He became her mentor.[4][1] She decided to study zoology.[5] It took Young from 1916-1923 to complete college.[1]

Young started studying for her Ph.D. at the University of Chicago in 1924.[4][1] The same year, she published her article in Science magazine.[1] She completed her Master's degree. Her advisor was Frank Lillie.[1] She was invited to join Sigma Xi, an honors research society, a group that honors good work in science.[6][3] Usually, Sigma Xi did not offer membership to people with only Master's degrees.[6] She did not pass her exams for her doctoral degree.[4] In January of 1930 she left the university.[1] She felt embarrassed and did not continue trying.[4] In 1937, she began studying under L. V. Heilbrunn at the University of Pennsylvania.[4][1] In 1940, she finally completed her Ph.D.[1]

ResearchEdit

Young's research focused on ocean life. Usually she focused on reproduction. She studied how radiation affected sea urchin eggs.[3][2] She researched salt and water in paramecia.[3] She studied fertilization in paramecia.[1]

CareerEdit

Young worked in Just's lab at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts in the summer of 1926.[6][1] She taught as head of the Howard University zoology department when Just worked on research in Europe.[2]

After Young left the University of Chicago, she still did research at Woods Hole.[1] She taught at Howard University until 1937.[4]

Between 1935 and 1938, Young published four articles.[5]

Young became an assistant professor at the North Carolina College for Negroes in Raleigh after she got her Ph.D.[1] She was the head of the Biology department at Shaw University.[5] She then taught for a while in Texas and at Jackson State College in Mississippi.[1] In 1962 she taught at Southern University.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

Young suffered from mental health problems her whole life.[4][6][1] That is why she changed jobs a lot.[1] She died in New Orleans on November 9, 1964.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 "Roger A. Young, Zoologist born". African American Registry. Retrieved 2021-12-19.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Felder, D. G. (2020). "Roger Arliner Young (1889-1964): Biologist, Zoologist." The American Women's Almanac: 500 Years of Making History. United States: Visible Ink Press. Via Google Books.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "About | RAY Diversity Fellowship". rayfellowship.org. Retrieved 2022-01-30.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 Lee, DN "Roger Arliner Young, Zoologist" The Urban Scientist, Scientific American blog. 2012-14-2 Retrieved 2021-12-15
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "Roger Arliner Young (1889-1964)". 2007-03-07. BlackPast. Retrieved 2022-01-30.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Roo News (2018-02-01). "Celebrating Women in STEM: Dr. Roger Arliner Young". info.umkc.edu. Retrieved 2022-01-30.