Roger Brooke Taney (March 17, 1777 – October 12, 1864) was the fifth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1836 until his death in 1864. He came after John Marshall and despite the many influential things done by his predecessor, still was able to write several major opinions. His decision in Dred Scott to send a slave living in a free state back to his master in a slave state canceled out several compromises that had been keeping the Union together. When president Abraham Lincoln began using powers not normally given to the presidency to put certain rights on hold, Taney kept on trying to overrule him. These attempts were ignored and rumored to have almost led to Taney's arrest.
Roger Brooke Taney
|5th Chief Justice of the United States|
March 28, 1836 – October 12, 1864
|Nominated by||Andrew Jackson|
|Preceded by||John Marshall|
|Succeeded by||Salmon P. Chase|
|12th United States Secretary of the Treasury|
September 23, 1833 – June 25, 1834
|Preceded by||William John Duane|
|Succeeded by||Levi Woodbury|
|11th United States Attorney General|
July 20, 1831 – November 14, 1833
|Preceded by||John M. Berrien|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Franklin Butler|
|Born||March 17, 1777|
Calvert County, Maryland, U.S.
|Died||October 12, 1864 (aged 87)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Political party||Federalist, Democrat|
|Spouse(s)||Anne Arnold Phoebe Charlton Key Taney|
|Alma mater||Dickinson College|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Judge|