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Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni

commune in Guyane, France

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is a commune and subprefecture of the French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France that is in northern South America.

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Church of Saint Laurent du Maroni
Church of Saint Laurent du Maroni
Coat of arms of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Coat of arms
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is located in French Guiana
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (in red) in French Guiana
Coordinates: Coordinates: 5°29′27″N 54°02′16″W / 5.49083°N 54.03778°W / 5.49083; -54.03778
CountryFrance
DepartmentFrench Guiana
ArrondissementSaint-Laurent-du-Maroni
IntercommunalityOuest guyanais
Founded1856
Commune1949
Government
 • MayorLéon Bertrand[1]
(2014-2020)
Area
 • Total4,830 km2 (1,860 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Highest elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Lowest elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total44,169
 • Density9.1/km2 (24/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Saint-Laurentins
Postal code
97320
INSEE code97311
WebsiteOfficial website

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is a border town in northwest French Guiana. It is the second most populous city of French Guiana, after Cayenne.

NameEdit

The name was given in 1856 by the Governor of French Guiana, Auguste Laurent Bauding, after his father and grandfather. Because the town is on the side of the Maroni river, the name was completed as is now: Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.[4]

HistoryEdit

The town was made a commune in 1949.[5] In 1969, it was made the capital of the new arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.

GeographyEdit

 
In red, the commune of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is a city in northwestern French Guiana to the west of Cayenne, on the Maroni River (in Dutch: Marowijne), opposite the town of Albina in Suriname which can be reached by ferry or small boats.

The commune has an area of 4,830 km2 (1,860 sq mi);[2] at the city hall, the altitude is 9 m (30 ft).[6] It includes some islands in the river: Île Portal, Île de la Quarantaine and Île aux Lépreux.

The Maroni river flows through the commune, to which it gives part of its name. Many of its tributaries also flows the commune: Crique Sparouine (on the southern border), Crique Bastien, Crique Serpent, Crique des cascades, Crique Awara, Crique Balaté, Crique Margot, Crique Chameau, Crique aux bœufs lamentins and Crique Vaches (on the northern border).

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is surrounded by the communes Mana to the north and east, Grand-Santi to the south and southwest and Apatou to the northwest.

ClimateEdit

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni has a Tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification: Af) in which there is no dry season - all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in).

The average temperature for the year in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is 26.7 °C (80.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is September with an average temperature of 27.8 °C (82.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 26.1 °C (79.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is 2,593.3 mm (102.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 345.4 mm (13.6 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is October with an average of 101.6 mm (4.0 in).[7]

Climate data for Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, French Guiana, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(83)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(80)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 260
(10.2)
180
(7.1)
190
(7.5)
240
(9.4)
340
(13.4)
330
(13.0)
240
(9.4)
170
(6.7)
110
(4.3)
100
(3.9)
160
(6.3)
240
(9.4)
2,560
(100.6)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

DemographicsEdit

The inhabitants of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni are known, in French, as Saint-Laurentins (women: Saint-Laurentines).[8]

The commune of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni has a population, in 2014, of 44,169;[9] its population density is of 9.1 inhabitants/km2.

 

Evolution of the population in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni

GalleryEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Le Maire et ses élus" (in French). Site de la Ville de Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Commune de Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (97311)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  3. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. "Historique de Saint Laurent du Maroni" (in French). Ouebtv 97230.com. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. "Commune de Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (97311)". Géographie administrative et d’étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  6. "City of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni". Map-France.com. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  7. "Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, French Guiana - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  8. "Guyane" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  9. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 13 February 2017.

Other websitesEdit