San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay is a shallow bay in northern California, along the Pacific Ocean. It is an estuary because salt water from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers, especially the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers. These rivers carry water from the Sierra Nevada mountains through the Central Valley. Water from about forty percent of California enters the bay.
The Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers enter the Suisun Bay. There water flows through the Carquinez Strait to meet with the Napa River at the entrance to San Pablo Bay. This connects at its south end to the San Francisco Bay. The San Francisco Bay is connected to the Pacific by a strait called the Golden Gate. However, this entire group of interconnected bays is often called "the San Francisco Bay".
The Bay covers somewhere between 400  and 1,600  square miles (1,040 to 4,160 square kilometres), depending on which sub-bays (such as San Pablo Bay), estuaries, wetlands, and so on are included in the measurement.
- 1999 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia.
- 1988 Encyclopædia Britannica.
- San Francisco Bay: Portrait of an Estuary, David Sanger and John Hart, University of California Press
- Barging In - A Short History of Liveaboards on the Bay Archived 2018-08-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Army Corps of Engineers Bay Model: Working scale model of the Bay Archived 2005-08-13 at the Wayback Machine
- BoatingSF.com: Photos of SF Bay and its boats, plus online cruising guide
- SF Estuary Institute: San Francisco Bay Historical View Maps Archived 2015-10-16 at the Wayback Machine