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Satyendra Nath Bose

Indian Bengali physicist

Professor Satyendra Nath Bose laid down the basics for the Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate. The boson, a kind of particle of matter, is named in his honor. He was a member of the Royal Society and was awarded India's second highest civilian award (called the Padma Vibhushan) in 1954.[1]

Satyendra Nath Bose
সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু
Satyendra Nath Bose in 1925
Born (1894-01-01)1 January 1894
Calcutta, India
Died 4 February 1974(1974-02-04) (aged 80)
Calcutta, India
Residence India
Nationality Indian
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Known for Bose–Einstein condensate
Bose–Einstein statistics
Bose gas
Spouse(s) Ushabati Bose
Awards Padma Vibhushan
Fellow of the Royal Society
Scientific career
Fields Physics and Mathematics
Institutions University of Calcutta and University of Dhaka

Bose’s works helped statistical mechanics, the electromagnetic properties of the ionosphere, the theories of X-ray crystallography, and unified field theory. This work also led Einstein to work with him.

Bose was interested in many subjects including physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, philosophy, arts, literature and music. He worked on many research and development projects for India.


  1. Singh, Rajinder 2016. Chemistry and Physics Nobel Prizes – India's contribution. Shaker Verlag, Aachen. ISBN 978-3-8440-4669-4