Schaffhausen is a town in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name. It has a population of about 36,000 as 2016.
|Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°38′E / 47.700°N 8.633°ECoordinates: 47°42′N 8°38′E / 47.700°N 8.633°E|
|District||(None in canton of Schaffhausen)|
|• Executive||Stadtrat |
with 5 members
|• Mayor||Stadtpräsident (list)|
Peter Neukomm SPS/PSS
(as of January 2017)
|• Parliament||Grosser Stadtrat |
with 36 members
|• Total||41.78 km2 (16.13 sq mi)|
|403 m (1,322 ft)|
|• Density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)|
8200, 8203, 8207, 8208, 8231 Hemmental
|Localities||Schaffhausen, Breite, Gruben, Buchthalen, St. Niklausen, Herblingen, Hauental, Hemmental|
|Surrounded by||Beringen, Büsingen am Hochrhein (DE-BW), Büttenhardt, Dörflingen, Feuerthalen (ZH), Flurlingen (ZH), Merishausen, Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Stetten, Thayngen|
|Twin towns||Sindelfingen (Germany), Singen am Hohentwiel (Germany), Dobrich (Bulgaria)|
Profile (in German), SFSO statistics
Imperial City of Schaffhausen
|1190 or 1218–1330|
|Status||Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Gained Reichsfreiheit
|betw 1190 and 1218|
• Pledged to Habsburgs
• Bought independence
• Joined Switzerland
Imperial Abbey of All Saints in Schaffhausen
Reichskloster Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen
|Status||Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Consecrated (Leo IX)
|22 November 1049|
• Papal grant of
• Gained Hiltensweiler
• City became
• City joined Switz.
• Converted to
• Disestablished in
The old portion of the town has many fine Renaissance era buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculpture, as well as the impressive old canton fortress, the Munot. A train runs out of town to the nearby Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Europe's largest waterfall, a tourist attraction.
Schaffhausen was a city state in the Middle Ages, documented to have struck its own coins starting in 1045. For a time it was under Habsburg domination, but regained its independence in 1415. It allied itself with Zürich in 1457, and became a full member of the Swiss Confederation in 1501. The first railroad came to Schaffhausen in 1857.
Schaffhausen is in a finger of Swiss land surrounded on three sides by Germany. On April 1, 1944, Schaffhausen suffered a bombing raid by United States Army Air Forces aircraft which strayed from German airspace into neutral Switzerland. While the United States immediately offered four million dollars in reparations, the raid occurred only a month after the Swiss Air Force had shot down an American bomber.
In 1947 it merged with the former municipality of Buchthalen. In 1964 it merged with the former municipality of Herblingen. Since 2009, Hemmental has been part of the town.
Schaffhausen has some well-known industrial companies (Georg Fischer) in piping systems, machine tools and automotives, one internationally-reputed watches manufacturer (IWC), and drug industry (Cilag, founded by Bernhard Joos).
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- ↑ https://www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/pxweb/fr/px-x-0102020000_201/-/px-x-0102020000_201.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=c5985c8d-66cd-446c-9a07-d8cc07276160; retrieved: 2 June 2020.
- ↑ "PX-Web - Datenbank wählen". www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2018-07-17.
Media related to Schaffhausen at Wikimedia Commons
- City of Schaffhausen (in German)
- Schaffhausen Tourism Archived 2007-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
- City archives (in German)
- U.S. Bombings of Switzerland during World War II Archived 2007-05-05 at the Wayback Machine