Roman general and politician (236/235–183 BC)
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC)  was a general in the Second Punic War and a politician of the Roman Republic. He was best known for defeating Hannibal of Carthage.
Publius Cornelius Scipio
|Consul of the Roman Republic|
1 January 205 BC – 1 January 204 BC
Serving with P. Licinius Crassus Dives
|Preceded by||Q. Caecilius Metellus and L. Venturius Philo|
|Succeeded by||M. Cornelius Cethegus and P. Sempronius Tuditanus|
1 January 194 BC – 1 January 193 BC
Serving with Ti. Sempronius Longus
|Preceded by||M. Porcius Cato and L. Valerius Flaccus|
|Succeeded by||L. Cornelius Merula and Q. Minucius Thermus|
Rome, Italy, Roman Republic
|Died||183 BC (aged 53)|
Liternum, Roman Republic
|Children||Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (priest), Lucius Cornelius Scipio (praetor), Cornelia Africana Major, Cornelia Africana|
|Battles/wars||Second Punic War|
Battle of Ticinus
Battle of the Trebia
Battle of Cannae
Battle of Cartagena
Battle of Baecula
Battle of Ilipa
Battle of Utica
Battle of the Great Plains
Battle of Zama
Battle of Magnesia
Scipio won the battle of Zama in North Africa. He got the last name Africanus and became known as one of the best commanders in military history. The battle was a complete disaster for Carthage, who had to beg for peace, and were given humiliating terms by Rome.
- ↑ AncientRome.ru. "THE DATABASE OF ANCIENT ART." Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- ↑ AncientRome.ru. "Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus." Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- ↑ He was also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder, and Scipio the Great. Plutarch, The parallel lives: the life of Aemilius II.V.