Scipio Africanus

Roman general and politician (236/235–183 BC)

Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC) [3] was a general in the Second Punic War and a politician of the Roman Republic. He was best known for defeating Hannibal of Carthage.

Publius Cornelius Scipio
Roman bronze bust of Scipio Africanus the Elder from the National Archaeological Museum, Naples (Inv. No. 5634),
dated mid-first century BC[1]
Excavated from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum by Karl Jakob Weber, 1750–65.[2]
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
1 January 205 BC – 1 January 204 BC
Preceded byQ. Caecilius Metellus and L. Venturius Philo
Succeeded byM. Cornelius Cethegus and P. Sempronius Tuditanus
In office
1 January 194 BC – 1 January 193 BC
Preceded byM. Porcius Cato and L. Valerius Flaccus
Succeeded byL. Cornelius Merula and Q. Minucius Thermus
Personal details
Born236 BC
Rome, Italy, Roman Republic
Died183 BC (aged 53)
Liternum, Roman Republic
Spouse(s)Aemilia Tertia
ChildrenPublius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (priest), Lucius Cornelius Scipio (praetor), Cornelia Africana Major, Cornelia Africana
Military service
Allegiance Roman Republic
Battles/warsSecond Punic War
Battle of Ticinus
Battle of the Trebia
Battle of Cannae
Battle of Cartagena
Battle of Baecula
Battle of Ilipa
Battle of Utica
Battle of the Great Plains
Battle of Zama
Roman–Seleucid War
Battle of Magnesia

Scipio won the battle of Zama in North Africa. He got the last name Africanus and became known as one of the best commanders in military history. The battle was a complete disaster for Carthage, who had to beg for peace, and were given humiliating terms by Rome.


  1. "THE DATABASE OF ANCIENT ART." Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  2. "Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus." Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  3. He was also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder, and Scipio the Great. Plutarch, The parallel lives: the life of Aemilius II.V.