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Secularism

a position that religious belief should not influence public and governmental decisions
Allegory of the French Law of Separation of Church and State (1905)

Secularism, also called Secularity, is the idea of something being not religious or not connected to a church. An example of this is the government, which is independent of any religion in many states. In some countries, such as Pakistan, Iran or Saudi Arabia, there is a state religion. In that case, the government follows the state religion. In contrast, India and United States had founding fathers who made a law that religion and government should stay separate.

In a theocracy the priests of religion are the rulers of the country.

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