Shinzō Abe

90th・96th〜98th Prime Minister of Japan

Shinzō Abe (born 21 September 1954) is a Japanese politician.

Shinzo Abe
安倍 晋三
Official portrait photograph of Abe
Official portrait, 2015
Prime Minister of Japan
In office
26 December 2012 – 16 September 2020
DeputyTarō Asō
Preceded byYoshihiko Noda
Succeeded byYoshihide Suga
In office
26 September 2006 – 26 September 2007
Preceded byJunichirō Koizumi
Succeeded byYasuo Fukuda
President of the Liberal Democratic Party
In office
26 September 2012 – 14 September 2020
DeputyMasahiko Kōmura
Secretary-GeneralShigeru Ishiba
Sadakazu Tanigaki
Toshihiro Nikai
Preceded bySadakazu Tanigaki
Succeeded byYoshihide Suga
In office
20 September 2006 – 26 September 2007
Secretary-GeneralTsutomu Takebe
Hidenao Nakagawa
Tarō Asō
Preceded byJunichiro Koizumi
Succeeded byYasuo Fukuda
Leader of the Opposition
In office
26 September 2012 – 26 December 2012
Prime MinisterYoshihiko Noda
Preceded bySadakazu Tanigaki
Succeeded byBanri Kaieda
Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
31 October 2005 – 26 September 2006
Prime MinisterJunichiro Koizumi
Preceded byHiroyuki Hosoda
Succeeded byYasuhisa Shiozaki
Member of the House of Representatives
from Yamaguchi
Assumed office
20 October 1996
Preceded byConstituency established
Constituency4th district
Majority86,258 (58.40%)
In office
18 July 1993 – 20 October 1996
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byMasahiko Kōmura
Constituency1st district
Personal details
安倍晋三 (Abe Shinzō)

(1954-09-21) 21 September 1954 (age 67)
Tokyo, Japan
Political partyLiberal Democratic
Akie Abe (m. 1987)
MotherYoko Abe
FatherShintaro Abe
Alma mater

He was first made the 90th Prime Minister of Japan following Junichiro Koizumi in 2006.[1] However, he stepped down on 12 September 2007 after a year.[2][3] The stated reason to end his term was missing support for Japan's mission in Afghanistan.[4] However, he had also been involved in a number of crises over the last few months.

In 2012 he was once again made party leader and his party went on to win the election in December 2012 by a wide margin. This brought him back to power as Prime Minister.[5] In 2019, he became the longest serving Prime Minister in Japan.[6]

He was born in Shinjuku, Tokyo, but his Constituency is in Yamaguchi Prefecture. It was inherited from his father Shintarō Abe. His grandfather was Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi.

On 28 August 2020, Abe announced his plans to resign as Prime Minister because of his bad health with ulcerative colitis.[7] He was replaced by Yoshihide Suga on 16 September 2020.


  1. "Abe elected as new Japan premier", BBC News. Shinto Abe Inaugurated as Japanese Prime Minister July 2006. Archived 17 January 2010 at WebCite
  2. "Embattled Japanese PM stepping down" CBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2007. Archived 17 January 2010 at WebCite
  3. "Japanese prime minister resigns" BBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2007. Archived 17 January 2010 at WebCite
  4. "Why Did Prime Minister Abe Shinzo Resign? Crippling Diarrhea" Archived 12 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine,, 12 January 2008.
  5. Martin Fackler (2012-12-26). "Ex-Premier Is Chosen to Govern Japan Again". New York Times. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  6. Harding, Robin (2019-11-20). "Shinzo Abe becomes Japan's longest serving prime minister". Financial times. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  7. "Japan PM Abe announces his resignation at press conference". Kyodo News. 28 August 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2020.

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