Shinzo Abe

Prime Minister of Japan from 2006–2007 and 2012–2020 (1954-2022)

Shinzo Abe (安倍 晋三, Abe Shinzō, pronounced [abe ɕindzoː]; 21 September 1954 – 8 July 2022) was a Japanese politician. He was the Prime Minister of Japan from 2006 to 2007 and again from 2012 to 2020. Abe had been a member of the House of Representatives from 1996 until his assassination in 2022. He was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party and was the party's president twice during his time as prime minister. Between 2005 and 2006, he was the Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Junichiro Koizumi government.

Shinzo Abe
安倍 晋三
Official portrait, 2020
Prime Minister of Japan
In office
26 December 2012 – 16 September 2020
DeputyTarō Asō
Preceded byYoshihiko Noda
Succeeded byYoshihide Suga
In office
26 September 2006 – 26 September 2007
Preceded byJunichiro Koizumi
Succeeded byYasuo Fukuda
President of the Liberal Democratic Party
In office
26 September 2012 – 14 September 2020
Vice PresidentMasahiko Kōmura
Secretary-GeneralShigeru Ishiba
Sadakazu Tanigaki
Toshihiro Nikai
Preceded bySadakazu Tanigaki
Succeeded byYoshihide Suga
In office
20 September 2006 – 26 September 2007
Secretary-GeneralTsutomu Takebe
Hidenao Nakagawa
Tarō Asō
Preceded byJunichiro Koizumi
Succeeded byYasuo Fukuda
Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
31 October 2005 – 26 September 2006
Prime MinisterJunichiro Koizumi
Preceded byHiroyuki Hosoda
Succeeded byYasuhisa Shiozaki
Member of the House of Representatives
from Yamaguchi
In office
20 October 1996 – 8 July 2022
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byShinji Yoshida
Constituency4th district
Majority86,258 (58.40%)
In office
18 July 1993 – 20 October 1996
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byMasahiko Kōmura
Constituency1st district
Personal details
安倍晋三 (Abe Shinzō)

(1954-09-21)21 September 1954
Tokyo, Japan
Died8 July 2022(2022-07-08) (aged 67)
Kashihara, Nara, Japan
Cause of deathMurder by firearm
Political partyLiberal Democratic
(m. 1987)
MotherYoko Abe
FatherShintaro Abe
RelativesNobusuke Kishi (grandfather)
Nobuo Kishi (brother)
Alma mater

Prime Minister


He was the 90th Prime Minister of Japan following Junichiro Koizumi in 2006.[1] He was elected at age 52, becoming the youngest post-war prime minister in Japan's history.[2] However, he stepped down on 12 September 2007 after a year.[3][4] The stated reason to end his term was missing support for Japan's mission in Afghanistan.[5]

In 2012 he again became party leader and his party went on to win the election in December 2012 by a wide margin. This brought him back to power as Prime Minister.[6] In 2019, he became the longest serving Prime Minister in Japan.[7] His economic policies were known as Abenomics.[8]

On 28 August 2020, Abe announced his plans to resign as Prime Minister because of his bad health with ulcerative colitis.[9] He was replaced by Yoshihide Suga on 16 September 2020.[10]

Personal life


He was born in Shinjuku, Tokyo,[11] but his constituency is in Yamaguchi Prefecture.[12] It was inherited from his father Shintaro Abe who was a Foreign Minister. His grandfather was imprisoned and suspected war criminal Nobusuke Kishi who later became Prime Minister.[13] His brother Nobuo Kishi became Minister of Defense in 2020.[14] In 1987, Abe married Akie Abe.[15]

On 8 July 2022, Abe was shot from behind in the neck and chest while he was giving a speech in Nara, Japan.[16] The shooter was Tetsuya Yamagami, a 41-year-old man from Nara.[17] Abe collapsed on stage while bleeding and went into cardiopulmonary arrest.[18][19] He was quickly hospitalized afterwards with heart failure and had no "vital signs".[20][21]

At 5:03 pm JST Abe's death was announced. The doctors said that he had died because he had lost too much blood and the bullet had gone in deep enough to enter his heart.[22]

A small private funeral was held on 12 July.[23] A state funeral was held on 27 September[24] at the Nippon Budokan.[25]

This was the first assassination of a former Japanese prime minister since 1936.[26]


  1. "Abe elected as new Japan premier", BBC News. Shinto Abe Inaugurated as Japanese Prime Minister July 2006. Archived 3 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Shinzo Abe: from young symbol of change to Japan's longest-serving PM". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 August 2023.
  3. "Embattled Japanese PM stepping down"CBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2007. Archived 16 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Japanese prime minister resigns"BBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2007. Archived 28 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Why Did Prime Minister Abe Shinzo Resign? Crippling Diarrhea" Archived 12 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine,, 12 January 2008.
  6. Martin Fackler (2012-12-26). "Ex-Premier Is Chosen to Govern Japan Again". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  7. Harding, Robin (2019-11-20). "Shinzo Abe becomes Japan's longest serving prime minister". Financial Times. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  8. Hoshi, Takeo; Lipscy, Phillip Y. (2021). The Political Economy of the Abe Government and Abenomics Reforms. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-92240-1.
  9. "Japan PM Abe announces his resignation at press conference". Kyodo News. 28 August 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  10. "Yoshihide Suga becomes prime minister of Japan after Shinzo Abe's cabinet formally resigns". RT World News. September 16, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  11. Rich, Motoko (July 8, 2022). "Shinzo Abe, Japan's Longest-Serving Prime Minister, Dies at 67". The New York Times. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  12. "Memorial for Abe held in his Yamaguchi constituency". The Japan Times. October 15, 2022. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  13. Krishnan, Ananth (January 17, 2014). "Abe's grandfather shown as 'war criminal'". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  14. "KISHI Nobuo (The Cabinet)". Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  15. "Akie Abe not afraid to speak her mind". Japan Today. January 4, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  16. Japan ex-prime minister Abe taken to hospital after apparent shooting -NHK
  17. Takahara, Kanako; Otake, Tomoko; Martin, Alex K. T. (2022-07-08). "Former PM Shinzo Abe in 'serious condition' after being shot in Nara". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2022-07-08.
  18. Japan's ex-PM Shinzo Abe shot, reportedly in cardiac arrest
  19. "Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe collapsed, bleeding, during a speech in Nara City. A sound like a gunshot was heard". The Japan News. 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  20. Ex Japan PM Shot, Shows "No Vital Signs" After Attack: Reports | NDTV 24x7 Live TV, retrieved 2022-07-08
  21. Japan's former PM Shinzo Abe reportedly shot, is in heart failure
  22. "Shinzo Abe dies after shooting in Japan". CNN. 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  23. "Shinzo Abe death live updates: Shinzo Abe's body arrives in Tokyo, funeral on Tuesday". Times of India. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  24. "安倍元首相の「国葬」9月27日実施で最終調整 政府" [Government finalizing plan for former Prime Minister Abe's "state funeral" to be held on September 27]. NHK NEWS WEB (in Japanese). 20 July 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-07-20. Retrieved 2022-07-20.
  25. "Japan to hold state funeral for ex-PM Shinzo Abe on September 27 – sources". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2022-07-20. Archived from the original on 20 July 2022. Retrieved 2022-07-21.
  26. "Giappone, l'ex premier Shinzo Abe ucciso in un attentato" [Japan, former premier Shinzo Abe killed in an attack] (in Italian). Il Sole 24 Ore. 8 July 2022. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.