Silesian language

West Slavic ethnolect

Silesian or Upper Silesian (Silesian: ślōnskŏ gŏdka / ślůnsko godka [ˈɕlonskɔ ˈɡɔtka]; Czech: slezština; Polish: gwara śląska, język śląski, etnolekt śląski; German: Schlonsakisch, Wasserpolnisch (pej.)) from the West Slavic language family. Some linguists say, that it is a dialect of Polish, because of big similarities between these languages. It's mostly spoken in Poland, but also in the Czech Republic and Germany.

Upper Silesian
ślōnskŏ gŏdka
ślůnsko godka
Pronunciation[ˈɕlonskɔ ˈɡɔtka]
Native toPoland (Silesian Voivodeship, Opole Voivodeship), Czech Republic (Moravia–Silesia, Jeseník)
RegionUpper Silesia / Silesia
Native speakers
510,000 (2011 census)[1]
Early form
Old Polish
Latin script (Silesian alphabet)[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-3szl
ELPUpper Silesian
Linguasphere53-AAA-cck, 53-AAA-dam
Range of Silesian on a map of East-Central Europe (marked as G1 and G2, in southern Poland and the eastern Czech Republic).


  1. "Raport z wyników: Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludności i Mieszkań 2011" [Report of results: National Census of Population and Housing, 2011.] (PDF). Central Statistical Office of Poland (in Polish). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-21.
  2. "Ethnologue report for language code: szl". Ethnologue. Languages of the World.
  3. Silesian language at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)