Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Central and Southeast European socialist state (1945–1992)

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) was the Yugoslav country that existed from 1943 to 1992. It was a socialist state. It was also a federation made up of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavijaa
Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославијаb
Socialistična federativna republika Jugoslavija
1945–1992
Flag of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Flag
Coat of arms of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Coat of arms
Motto: Bratstvo i jedinstvo
"Brotherhood and Unity"
Anthem: "Hej, Slaveni"
"Hey, Slavs"
Location of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
CapitalBelgrade
Common languagesSerbo-Croatian,
Slovene, and Macedonian
GovernmentFederal socialist republic,
Single-party socialist state
President 
• 1945 - 1953 (first)
Ivan Ribar
• 1953 - 1980
Josip Broz Tito
• 1991 - 1992 (last)
Stjepan Mesić
Prime Minister 
• 1945 - 1953 (first)
Josip Broz Tito
• 1989 - 1991 (last)
Ante Marković
Historical eraCold War
• Established
1945
• Constitutional reform
21 February 1974
25 June 1991 - 27 April 1992 1992
Area
July 1989255,804 km2 (98,766 sq mi)
Population
• July 1989
23,724,919
CurrencyYugoslav dinar
Time zoneUTC+1
Calling code38
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Italy
Slovenia
Croatia
Republic of Macedonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
a Native state name in Latin script. Latin script was used by the Serbo-Croatian language and the Slovene language. After the break up of Yugoslavia, the Serbo-Croatian language gave way to four new languages: Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin and Serbian. Croatian and Bosnian languages as a result use Latin script, while Serbian uses Cyrillic script. Much like Slovene, the Macedonian language that also uses Cyrillic script was independent. Identical spelling is used in both the Latin and Cyrillic versions of the state name, and in all five ex-Yugoslav languages, with the slight exception of the Slovene language. The Slovene term for the adjective "Socialist" is "Socialistična", instead of "Socijalistička". The spelling in the Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic script transliterations of the state name (which use the Serbian Cyrillic variant) are identical to the Latin transliteration.
b Native State name in Serbian Cyrillic script. In SFR Yugoslavia, Cyrillic script was used as an alternative to Latin by the Serbo-Croatian language (in SR Serbia and SR Montenegro), and the Macedonian language (in SR Macedonia). After the dissolution of Yugoslavia and the unified Serbo-Croatian language, the new Serbian language primarily uses Cyrillic script (alongside Latin). The Macedonian language language, independent during (and after) the Yugoslav period, also continued to use Cyrillic script.
Flag of Yugoslavia from 1943-1946

Josip Broz Tito ruled Yugoslavia until 1980. He died at that time. In June 1991 Slovenia and Croatia declared independence. By 1992 only Serbia and Montenegro still wanted a union. They made a new country called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Leaders around the world didn't agree it was the same as the old Yugoslavia. Montenegro left in 2005.