South Ossetia (//, less commonly //), officially the Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania, or the Tskhinvali Region, is a de facto independent, disputed place in South Caucasus. It declared independence from Georgia in 1990.
Republic of South Ossetia – The State of Alania
Anthem: National Anthem of South Ossetia
National Anthem of South Ossetia – Республикӕ Хуссар Ирыстоны Паддзахадон Гимн
South Ossetia (green), Georgia, and Abkhazia (light grey).
Map of South Ossetia.
|Status||Partially recognised state|
Recognised by the United Nations as de jure part of Georgia
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Georgian|
|Gennady Bekoyev (acting)|
|Independence from Georgia|
• Formed as part of USSR
|20 September 1990|
• Act of state independence
|21 December 1991|
|26 August 2008 (limited)|
|3,900 km2 (1,500 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2015 census
|13.7/km2 (35.5/sq mi)|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Russian ruble (RUB)|
|Time zone||UTC+03:00 (MSK)|
|Calling code||+995 34|
South Ossetia was a Soviet oblast (region) with some self-rule and controlled big parts of the region. When it declared its independence in 1990, Georgia tried to take back the region by force and it led to the 1991-1992 South Ossetia War. Georgia tried to retake South Ossetia again in 2004 and in 2008. In 2008, Ossetia's fighters were backed by Russian troops and they gained full control of the region, but its separation from Georgia has only been recognized by three[source?] other countries (Russia, Nicaragua and Venezuela) and Abkhazia (a similar place), and it is de jure (officially) a part of the Georgian region (mkhare) of Shida Kartli.
The rebels were supported by Russian and Cossack forces but, Georgia itself refuses to recognize rebel South Ossetia as an independent state; the government calls it by the medieval name of Samachablo or, more recently, Tskhinvali region (after the republic's capital).
South Ossetia is situated at central Caucasus, a border between Asia and Europe. It occupies a part of Greater Caucasus range and the foothills of Kartalin Valley. South Ossetia is a very mountainous region.
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- "Валовой внутренний продукт". Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Presidential Elections in South Ossetia – Plan B
The first round of voting was accompanied by a referendum in which the Ossetians were to decide whether Russian should become the second official language of South Ossetia. Nearly 85 per cent of the voters supported the referendum.
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- De facto - in practice, not necessarily in law
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