Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Catholic lay religious order

The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Latin: Supremus Militaris Ordo Hospitalarius Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodiensis et Melitensis), also known as Order of Malta is a sovereign country in Rome, that has no territory. It was founded around 1048 in Jerusalem with the goal of giving medical care to anyone in need, regardless of religion or race.

Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta
Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme, di Rodi e di Malta  (Italian)
Supremus Militaris Ordo Hospitalarius Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodiensis et Melitensis  (Latin)
Motto: Tuitio fidei et obsequium pauperum  (Latin)
"Defence of the faith and assistance to the poor"
Anthem: Ave Crux Alba  (Latin)
Hail, thou White Cross
CapitalRome (Palazzo Malta 41°54′19″N 12°28′50″E / 41.90528°N 12.48056°E / 41.90528; 12.48056 and Villa del Priorato di Malta 41°53′01″N 12°28′39″E / 41.88361°N 12.47750°E / 41.88361; 12.47750)
Official languagesItalian[1]:Constitution Article 7
Religion
Catholicism
Government
John T. Dunlap
Emmanuel Rousseau
Riccardo Paternò di Montecupo
Alessandro de Franciscis
Fabrizio Colonna
Sovereign subject of international law
• Establishment of the Knights Hospitaller
c. 1099; 925 years ago (1099)
1113
• Cyprus
1291–1310
• Rhodes
1310–1523
• Malta
1530–1798
• Sovereignty declared
1753; 271 years ago (1753)
• Division
1805–12
• Seat in Rome
1834–present
Area
• Total
0 km2 (0 sq mi)
CurrencyMaltese scudo

Leader and Founder change

The founder and leader at the time was Gerard. He was an Italian Roman Catholic.

History change

They originated in Jerusalem, and after being exiled from the city they moved to the Rhodes. After that to Malta, and then lastly the went to Rome and the Pope Paschal II declared them as an independent nation though they had no territory.

References change

  1. Carta Costituzionale e Codice (PDF). Rome: Sovereign Military Order of Malta. 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022. Also available in English as Constitutional Charter.