House of Commons of the United KingdomEdit
The Speaker is elected by other members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, and is usually a member of the government party, but leaves his or her party because the Speaker must be neutral (not like one side more than another). The Speaker does not vote. If the Speaker wants to stand in for re-election the other parties do not oppose him to show he is neutral. As of November 2017, the Speaker is John Bercow, a member of the Conservative Party.
Dail Éireann in IrelandEdit
The Speaker (Ceann Comhairle) of the Dáil Éireann is neutral, but the constitution (Bunreacht) of Ireland says he does not need to stand for re-election, he is given the first seat in his constituency. The current Speaker (November 2017) is Sean Treacy.