Special Region of Yogyakarta

province of Indonesia, on island of Java

The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa (D.I.) Yogyakarta, pronounced /ˌjɒɡjəˈkɑːrtə/; Javanese: ꦣꦲꦺꦫꦃꦲꦶꦯ꧀ꦡꦶꦩꦺꦮꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾꦏꦂꦠ Dhaérah Istiméwa Yogyakarta) is a provincial-level autonomous region of Indonesia in the south of Java.[5] Indian Ocean is on the southern side of the Special Region. The Special Region is located next to Central Java. Yogyakarta is ruled by the Yogyakarta Sultanate, the only official monarchy in the government of Indonesia. The city of Yogyakarta is a popular tourist destination and cultural center of the region.

Special Region of Yogyakarta
  • Indonesian:Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
    Dhaérah Istiméwa Ngayogyakarta
Flag of Yogyakarta.svg
Coat of arms of Yogyakarta.svg

Javanese: Hamemayu Hayuning Bawana
Indonesian: Memperindah Keindahan Dunia
English: Beautify the Beauty of the World

Tourism Slogan: Jogja Istimewa (Special Jogja)
Location of the Special Region of Yogyakarta in Indonesia
Location of the Special Region of Yogyakarta in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°47′S 110°22′E / 7.783°S 110.367°E / -7.783; 110.367Coordinates: 7°47′S 110°22′E / 7.783°S 110.367°E / -7.783; 110.367
Established4 March 1950
and largest city
 • TypeDevolved Sultan-led special region
 • BodyYogyakarta Special Region Government
 • Governor (Sultan)Hamengkubuwana X
 • Vice Governor (Paku Alam)Paku Alam X
 • Total3,133.15 km2 (1,209.72 sq mi)
Area rank33rd in Indonesia
Highest elevation2,955 m (9,695 ft)
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total3,668,719
 • Rank18th in Indonesia
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups96% Javanese
0.6% Sundanese
3.4% other[2]
 • Religion92.94% Islam
4.11% Catholicism
2.44% Protestantism
0.43% Hinduism
0.09% Buddhism
0.002% others[3]
 • LanguagesIndonesian (official)
Javanese (official regional)
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
ISO 3166 codeID-YO
HDIIncrease 0.799 (High)[4]
HDI rank2nd (2020)

The Yogyakarta Sultanate was established in 1755 and supported for Indonesia's independence during the Indonesian National Revolution (1945–1949). Yogyakarta is led by Sultan Hamengkubuwono X as the governor and Prince Paku Alam as the vice governor. The Special Region has a land area of 3,185.8km2. It is the second-smallest province of Indonesia after Jakarta.[6]

Government and politicsEdit


Special Region is led by a governor who is helped by a vice governor. The governor and vice governor of the Special Region are chosen by the President. The governor must be a Sultan of Yogyakarta and the vice governor must be a Price of Pakualaman[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The Special Region of Yogyakarta is subdivided into four regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota):

Name Capital Area (km2) Population
2000 Census
2010 Census
2020 Census
2018 Estimates
Yogyakarta City Yogyakarta City 32.50 396,700 388,627 373,589 0.861 (Very High)
Bantul Regency Bantul 508.13 781,000 911,503 985,770 0.794 (High)
Gunung Kidul Regency Wonosari 1,431.42 670,400 675,382 747,161 0.692 (Medium)
Kulon Progo Regency Wates 586.28 371,000 388,859 436,395 0.737 (High)
Sleman Regency Sleman 574.82 901,400 1,093,110 1,125,804 0.834 (Very High)
Totals 3,133.15 3,121,045 3,457,491 3,668,719 0.795 (High)

The city of Yogyakarta is located in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. It is a hub of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows. It is also one of Indonesia's centers of higher education. At the city's center is the Sultan's palace called the Kraton. The city spread in all directions from the Kraton, the modern city core is in the north.


Historical population
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS), 2021


The majority of the population is Muslim, which is 92.94%, followed by Catholic Christians 4.11%, then Protestant Christians 2.44%, Hindus 0.43%, Buddhists 0.09% and Confucianism 0.02%.[9]

Sister relationshipEdit

Yogyakarta Special Region has signed sister province relationship with region/state:


  1. "Census Result 2020". yogyakarta.bps.go.id.
  2. Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
  3. "Provinsi DI Yogyakarta Dalam Angka 2021". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
  4. "Metode Baru Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2019-2020". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
  5. "Nomenklatur Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Penggunaannya" (PDF).
  6. "Luas wilayah". jogjaprov.go.id. 1 June 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-10-01. Retrieved 2021-11-07.
  7. "Undang-undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2012 tentang Keistimewaan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta". Law No. 13 of 2012 (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  8. "Pembangunan Manusia | Provinsi D I Yogyakarta". ipm.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2021-04-26. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
  9. "Daerah DIY - Jumlah Pemeluk Agama". bappeda.jogjaprov.go.id. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
  10. "Kyoto prefecture List of Friendly and Sister City". pref.kyoto.jp. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "Kerjasama Luar Negeri DI Yogyakarta". jogjaprov.go.id. Archived from the original on 2021-11-08. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
  12. "Gyeongsangbuk-do Province Website". Retrieved 2021-11-08.