SpongeBob SquarePants

American animated television series

SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated children's television series. It is made by marine biologist and animator Stephen Hillenburg. The show began on May 1, 1999.

SpongeBob SquarePants
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Created byStephen Hillenburg
Developed by
Creative director(s)
Voices of
Narrated byTom Kenny (various episodes)
Theme music composer
  • Derek Drymon
  • Mark Harrison
  • Stephen Hillenburg
  • Blaise Smith
Opening theme"SpongeBob SquarePants Theme Song"
(performed by Patrick Pinney)
Ending theme"SpongeBob Closing Theme"
(composed by Steve Belfer)
  • Steve Belfer
  • Nicolas Carr
  • Sage Guyton
  • Jeremy Wakefield
  • Brad Carow (1999–2002)
  • The Blue Hawaiians (1999–2002)
  • Eban Schletter (2000)
  • Barry Anthony Trop (2005)
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons13
No. of episodes292 (list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
  • Donna Castricone (1999–2002)
  • Anne Michaud (2001)
  • Helen Kafatic (2002–2004)
  • Dina Buteyn (2005–2010)
  • Jennie Monica Hammond (2010)
Running time
  • 11 minutes (regular episodes only)
  • 22–44 minutes (special episodes only)
Production company(s)
Original networkNickelodeon[b]
Picture format
Audio format
Original releaseMay 1, 1999 (1999-05-01) –
Related showsTemplate:List
Other websites

It's by far, Nickelodeon's most popular program. It has been made into many pieces of merchandise. The main character, SpongeBob SquarePants is an adult sea sponge that acts like a child. He lives in a pineapple under the ocean. The series has three spin-offs: Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years, The Patrick Star Show and one with Squidward Tentacles.

Characters change

Template:List of SpongeBob characters The series gets its name from its main character, SpongeBob SquarePants, a male sponge. He looks more like a yellow kitchen sponge used for cleaning dishes than a sea sponge. His best friend is a starfish named Patrick Star. His grumpy neighbor is an octopus named Squidward Tentacles.

SpongeBob and Squidward work as employees at a restaurant called the Krusty Krab in the underwater town of Bikini Bottom. The Krusty Krab, which is run by a greedy red crab named Mr. Krabs, is famous for its Krabby Patty burgers. The recipe for Krabby Patties is top secret. The owners of a competing restaurant called the Chum Bucket, Plankton and Karen, often try to steal the recipe.

  • SpongeBob SquarePants is the main character and yellow sea sponge that lives in a pineapple under the sea. He is a fry cook in the Krusty Krab. He is very cheerful and sometimes annoys his selfish neighbor, Squidward. His favorite things to do are jellyfishing (catching jellyfish with a net) and blowing bubbles. He is voiced by Tom Kenny.
  • Patrick Star is a pink starfish and SpongeBob's best friend who lives under a rock. Patrick is goofy, but is a fun-loving character and eats a lot. He is unemployed but has worked at several places before. He is voiced by Bill Fagerbakke.
  • Squidward Tentacles is a teal octopus. He plays the clarinet and is not good at it, even though he thinks so. He works at the Krusty Krab as the cashier. He says he does not like SpongeBob, but SpongeBob thinks they're friends. Squidward isn't friendly or thinks that he is better than almost everyone. He's voiced by Rodger Bumpass.
  • Mr. Eugene H. Krabs is a red crab who is the owner of the Krusty Krab restaurant and SpongeBob and Squidward's boss. He is a single father with one daughter, a whale named Pearl. He and Pearl live in a big anchor. He is very greedy and loves money. He never wants to spend a lot of his money, and sometimes cheats to make more of it. He is voiced by Clancy Brown.
  • Sheldon J. Plankton is a green copepod. He is an evil genius and Mr. Krabs' rival. His goal is to steal the secret recipe for Krabby Patties. He runs a restaurant called the Chum Bucket with the help of his computer wife named Karen. The Chum Bucket is unpopular and they never get customers. He is always trying to steal the secret Krabby Patty Formula. He is voiced by Mr. Lawrence.
  • Karen Plankton is a blue and metal talking computer who is Plankton's helper, sidekick, and wife. She gives him his evil plans to steal the Krabby Patty recipe. She lives in the laboratory of the Chum Bucket which is labeled from the outside as the "kitchen." Karen does not have a face, but her screen shows a wavy green line that moves when she talks. She is voiced by Jill Talley.
  • Sandy Cheeks is a brown squirrel from the state of Texas. She lives in a glass house called a Treedome that lets her breathe underwater. When she is out of the dome, she wears a space suit and a fishbowl-like glass helmet around her head filled with fresh air. She is very athletic and works as a scientist. She is voiced by Carolyn Lawrence.
  • Mrs. Puff is a prickly peach pufferfish who is SpongeBob's teacher at the underwater driving school, Mrs. Puff's Boating School. She is old and easily scared. She wears a blue sailor hat and a yellow wig. SpongeBob really wants to pass Mrs. Puff's class, but he always fails his driving test. She is voiced by Mary Jo Catlett.
  • Pearl Krabs is a big gray sperm whale with blonde hair who is the daughter of Mr. Krabs. She is sixteen years old and has a job at the Bikini Bottom Mall. When she grows up, her dad will give his restaurant and his money to her. She wears a pink shirt with a dark pink letter P on the front, a purple skirt, and white boots. She is voiced by Lori Alan.
  • Gary the Snail is SpongeBob's blue pet snail. He is voiced by Tom Kenny.

Episodes list change

Episodes change

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
120May 1, 1999 (1999-05-01)March 3, 2001 (2001-03-03)
220October 26, 2000 (2000-10-26)July 26, 2003 (2003-07-26)
320October 5, 2001 (2001-10-05)October 11, 2004 (2004-10-11)
420May 6, 2005 (2005-05-06)July 24, 2007 (2007-07-24)
520February 19, 2007 (2007-02-19)July 19, 2009 (2009-07-19)
626March 3, 2008 (2008-03-03)July 5, 2010 (2010-07-05)
726July 19, 2009 (2009-07-19)June 11, 2011 (2011-06-11)
826March 26, 2011 (2011-03-26)December 6, 2012 (2012-12-06)
92611.5July 21, 2012 (2012-07-21)March 29, 2014 (2014-03-29)
14.5March 29, 2015 (2015-03-29)February 20, 2017 (2017-02-20)
1011October 15, 2016 (2016-10-15)December 2, 2017 (2017-12-02)
1126June 24, 2017 (2017-06-24)November 25, 2018 (2018-11-25)
1226November 11, 2018 (2018-11-11)April 29, 2022 (2022-04-29)
1326[2]October 22, 2020 (2020-10-22)TBA

Season 1 change

  1. Help Wanted/Reef Blower/Tea at the Treedome
  2. Bubblestand/Ripped Pants
  3. Jellyfishing/Plankton!
  4. Naughty Nautical Neighbors/Boating School
  5. Pizza Delivery/Home Sweet Pineapple
  6. Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy/Pickles
  7. Hall Monitor/Jellyfish Jam
  8. Nature Pants/Opposite Day
  9. Sandy's Rocket/Squeaky Boots
  10. Culture Shock/F.U.N.
  11. MuscleBob BuffPants/Squidward, the Unfriendly Ghost
  12. Scaredy Pants/I Was a Teenage Gary
  13. SB-129/Karate Choppers
  14. Sleepy Time/Suds
  15. Valentine's Day/The Paper
  16. The Chaperone/Employee of the Month
  17. Arrgh!/Rock Bottom
  18. Texas/Rock Bottom
  19. Fools in April/Neptune's Spatula
  20. Hooky/Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy II

Season 2 change

  1. Something Smells/Bossy Boots
  2. Christmas Who?
  3. Dying for Pie/Imitation Krabs
  4. Big Pink Loser/Bubble Buddy
  5. Your Shoe's Untied/Squid's Day Off
  6. Wormy/Patty Hype
  7. Shanghaied/Gary Takes a Bath
  8. Survival of the Idiots/Dumped
  9. No Free Rides/I'm Your Biggest Fanatic
  10. Grandma's Kisses/Squidville
  11. Pre-Hibernation Week/Life of Crime
  12. Pressure/The Smoking Peanut
  13. The Secret Box/Band Geeks
  14. Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy III/Squirrel Jokes
  15. Sailor Mouth/Artist Unknown
  16. Jellyfish Hunter/The Fry Cook Games
  17. Squid on Strike/Sandy, SpongeBob, and the Worm
  18. Procrastination/I'm With Stupid
  19. Welcome to the Chum Bucket/Frankendoodle
  20. Graveyard Shift/Krusty Love

Main places change

  • The show takes place in a fictional city called Bikini Bottom, which is in the floor of the Pacific Ocean. The citizens are mostly fish who live in ship funnels and boatmobiles. It is based on the Bikini Atoll located in the Marshall Islands.
  • SpongeBob's pineapple house is SpongeBob's home. It has many big rooms even though on the outside it looks just like a small pineapple. It has a large library with many books.
  • The Krusty Krab is a restaurant in the city of Bikini Bottom. It is run by a crab, Eugene H. Krabs. SpongeBob SquarePants works there as a fry cook, and Squidward Q. Tentacles works as the cashier. The fast food items that are sold include the popular Krabby Patty (which is similar to aburger), fries, and drinks.
  • The Chum Bucket is a restaurant across the street from the Krusty Krab. It is owned by Sheldon J. Plankton and Karen Plankton, but it is very unpopular because the food is very bad. Plankton and Karen are always trying to steal the secret recipe for the Krabby Patty, which only Mr. Krabs and SpongeBob know how it is made.
  • Mrs. Puff's Boating School is the driving school where SpongeBob often goes to try to get his driver's license. SpongeBob is normally not good at driving and can never get his license without help from a friend. Whenever he gets his license, he soon loses it for different reasons.
  • Patrick's boulder is Patrick's home where Patrick lives and sleeps in. In some episodes, Patrick falls out of his boulder.
  • Squidward's house, an Easter Island head owned by Squidward. In his house, Squidward practices his clarinet and paints pictures.
  • Mr. Krabs and Pearl's anchor house, a hollow anchor with lots of paintings on the walls. Mr. Krabs and Pearl live inside of it.
  • Sandy's Treedome is where Sandy Cheeks lives, she needs a helmet to breathe underwater. However, in her treedome she does not. All sea creatures need a helmet in her treedome to breathe.
  • Goo Lagoon is a popular beach. Even though the beach is underwater, the water on the beach is called "goo." In some episodes, it is just a lake but in some, it is an entire ocean.
  • Patchy's House is the residence of Patchy the Pirate and Potty the Parrot. It is located at 6248 Agnes Ave, Los Angeles, CA, 91606. It first appears in the episode "Christmas Who?". It is in Encino, California.

Reception change

Ratings and run-length achievements change

Within its first month on air, SpongeBob SquarePants passed Pokémon as the highest-rated Saturday-morning children's series on television. It held an average national Nielsen rating of 4.9 among children aged two through eleven, denoting 1.9 million viewers.[3][4] Two years later, the series had firmly established itself as Nickelodeon's second highest-rated children's program, after Rugrats. SpongeBob SquarePants was credited with helping Nickelodeon take the "Saturday-morning ratings crown" for the fourth straight season in 2001.[5] The series had gained a significant adult audience by that point—nearly 40 percent of its 2.2 million viewers were aged 18 to 34.[6] In response to its weekend success, Nickelodeon gave SpongeBob SquarePants time slots at 6:00 PM and 8:00 PM, Monday through Thursday, to increase the series' exposure.[6][7] By the end of 2001, SpongeBob SquarePants boasted the highest ratings for any children's series, on all of television.[8][9][10] Weekly viewership of the series had reached around fifteen million, at least five million of whom were adults.[8]

Controversies change

In 2009, several groups, including the American Family Foundation, attacked SpongeBob for being homosexual. The character had recently appeared on a music video with other kids' show characters to promote diversity and tolerance. However, the creator said in 2002 that SpongeBob is asexual, meaning that he does not seek sexual partners at all.

Decreasing quality change

Many fans and critics believe that after season 11 and the first movie, the series started to decline in quality. This was because many writers from the first three seasons left (although Doug Lawrence, Aaron Springer, Erik Wiese, and C.H. Greenblatt still stayed). Some of the later episodes were poorly received because the characters did not act the way they acted in the first three seasons. However, apparently, the show's quality improved once more after the second movie, when Stephen Hillenburg returned, until his death in 2018.

References change

  1. Emily Yahr (October 18, 2012). "CBS sets Spongebob Christmas for November". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
  2. Nellie Andreeva (August 11, 2021). "SpongeBob Franchise Gets 52-Episode Order Across Mothership Series, Kamp Koral & Patrick Star Show". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  3. "Nicklodeon.(rating of Nickelodeon's cartoon SpongeBob SquarePants)(Brief Article)(Statistical Data Included)". Multichannel News. August 23, 1999. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014 – via HighBeam.
  4. "Number 101". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015.
  5. "Nick Retains SaturdayY Crown". Broadcasting & Cable. June 18, 2001. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013 – via HighBeam.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "The Stretch". Rocky Mountain News. Denver, CO. September 15, 2001. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013 – via HighBeam.
  7. Moore, Frazier (July 9, 2001). "Sponge Soaks Up Laughs On TV.(Living)". The Cincinnati Post. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015 – via HighBeam.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Wilson, Amy (February 12, 2002). "Stephen Hillenburg created the undersea world of SpongeBob.(The Orange County Register)". Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014 – via HighBeam.
  9. Stauffer, Cindy (May 17, 2002). "Grown-ups embrace a wacky, square sponge; There's just something about this sweet kids' cartoon that's attracting an adult audience. Local fans can't get enough of SpongeBob". Lancaster New Era. Archived from the original on November 8, 2013 – via HighBeam.
  10. Moore, Frazier (October 21, 2002). "'SpongeBob' rises from sea to peak of ratings: Nickelodeon show top-rated among kids aged 2 to 11". Charleston Daily Mail. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014 – via HighBeam.
  1. As being creator of the series, he is still credited as this role.
  2. Episode 175, "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!", was first broadcast on CBS.[1]

Other websites change