Sud-Est (department)

department of Haiti
(Redirected from Sud-Est Department)

Sud-Est (English: South-East) is one of the ten departments (French: départments, singular départment) of Haiti. Its capital is Jacmel.

Sud-Est in Haiti
Sud-Est in Haiti
Country Haiti
 • TypeDepartmental Council
 • department2,034.10 km2 (785.37 sq mi)
 • department632,601
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
ISO 3166 codeHT-SE

After the Haitian Revolution, the country was divided into only three departments: Nord, Ouest and Sud. The Sud-Est department was part of the Sud department.

Geography change

The Départment du Sud-Est has an area of 2,023 km².[2] The department is in the Southern Peninsula, also known as the Tiburon Peninsula.

It is bordered to the north by the Ouest Department, to the west by the Sud Department and to the south by the Caribbean Sea. It borders the Dominican Republic to the east.

The Massif de la Selle is the main mountain range in the département and it covers almost all the department except for some small valleys near the coast, as the Jacmel valley. The highest mountain of Haiti, Pic la Selle (2,680 metres), is in the Massif de la Selle.

Rivers are short and they flow into the Caribbean Sea. The most important river is La Grande Rivière de Jacmel. Other rivers are Bainet, Belle-Anse, des Côtes-de-Fer, Gauche, de la Gosseline, Marigot and Pedernales; Pedernales marks the border with the Dominican Republic and is common to both countries.[2]

Population change

The department had, in the 2003 census, a population of 484,675 persons: 235,187 men and 249,488 women, with 59,642 (12.31%) living in cities and towns.[3] The population density was, in that year, of 240 persons/km².

Administrative division change

The department is divided into three arrondissements (like districts) and 10 communes (like municipalities). The "arrondissements" and their "communes" are:

  1. Bainet
    1. Bainet
    2. Côtes-de-Fer
  2. Belle-Anse
    1. Anse-à-Pitres
    2. Belle-Anse
    3. Grand-Gosier
    4. Thiotte
  3. Jacmel
    1. Cayes Jacmel
    2. Jacmel
    3. La Vallée
    4. Marigot

Economy change

The main economic activity in the department is agriculture, with many very small farms where different crops are grown. On the mountains, coffee is grown.

Fishing is an important activity along the coast.

References change

  1. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-06. Retrieved 2018-01-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Départments géographiques d'Haïti". Haiti-Référence (in French). Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  3. "Le 4ième Recensement Géneral de la Population et de l'Habitat" (PDF) (in French). Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2009.

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