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the scientific field that studies the inner structure of sentences
Syntactic” redirects here.

In linguistics, syntax[1] is the study of the rules that govern the structure of sentences.

The term syntax can also be used to refer to these rules themselves, as in “the syntax of a language”. Modern research in syntax attempts to describe languages in terms of such rules, and, for many practitioners, to find general rules that apply to all languages.


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  1. from Ancient Greek συν- syn-, “together”, and τάξις táxis, “arrangement”


  • Brown, Keith (1996). Concise Encyclopedia of Syntactic Theories. New York: Elsevier Science. ISBN 0-08-042711-1. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Freidin, Robert (2006). Syntax. Critical Concepts in Linguistics. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-24672-5. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Graffi, Giorgio (2001). 200 Years of Syntax. A Critical Survey. Studies in the History of the Language Sciences 98. Amsterdam: Benjamins. ISBN 90-272-4587-8.

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