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Tadeusz Mazowiecki

Polish politician and prime minister

Tadeusz Mazowiecki (18 April 1927 – 28 October 2013) was a Polish author, journalist, philanthropist and Christian-democratic politician. Mazowiecki was the first Prime Minister of Poland. His term began in 1989 and ended in 1991.

Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Tadeusz Mazowiecki - Europeana 1989 - TV Interview.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Poland
In office
24 August 1989 – 12 January 1991
PresidentWojciech Jaruzelski
Lech Wałęsa
DeputyLeszek Balcerowicz
Czesław Janicki
Jan Janowski
Czesław Kiszczak
Preceded byCzesław Kiszczak
Succeeded byJan Krzysztof Bielecki
Chairman of the Freedom Union
In office
1994–1995
Preceded by(Party formed)
Succeeded byLeszek Balcerowicz
Chairman of the Democratic Union
In office
1991–1994
Preceded by(Party formed)
Succeeded by(became a chairman of the Freedom Union)
Member of Sejm of the People's Republic of Poland
In office
1961–1972
Member of Sejm of the Republic of Poland
In office
1991–2001
ConstituencyPoznań (1991–97)
Kraków (1997–2001)
Personal details
Born(1927-04-18)18 April 1927
Płock, Second Republic of Poland
Died28 October 2013(2013-10-28) (aged 86)
Warsaw, Poland
Political partyPAX Association (1949–55)
Znak (1961–72)
Solidarity (1980–91)
Democratic Union (1991–94)
Freedom Union (1994–2005)
Democratic Party – demokraci.pl (2005–06)
Spouse(s)Krystyna
Ewa
ChildrenWojciech, Adam, Michal
ProfessionAuthor, journalist, social worker

Early lifeEdit

Mazowiecki was born on 18 April 1927 in Płock, Second Republic of Poland. He was married two times (became a widower twice). He had three children, Wojciech, Adam, and Michal.

CareerEdit

He was formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement. Mazowiecki was the first non-communist prime minister in the Eastern Bloc after World War II.[1] He became Prime Minister on 24 August 1989. His term lasted for nearly 2 years when he left office on 12 January 1991.

In 2003, he was elected to the board of directors of the International Criminal Court's Trust Fund for Victims.[2]

AwardsEdit

Mazowiecki received numerous awards. An honorary degree from the universities in: Leuven, Genoa, Giessen, Poitiers, Exeter, Warsaw University and University of Economics in Katowice.

He also received the Order of White Eagle (1995), Golden Order of Bosnia (1996), Légion d'honneur (1997), Srebrnica Award (2005), the Giant award (1995) awarded by Gazeta Wyborcza (Election Gazette) in Poznań and Jan Nowak-Jezioranski Award (2004).

DeathEdit

Mazowiecki died on 28 October 2013 in Warsaw, Poland from complications from a fever caused by pneumonia. He was 86 years old.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Ex-Premier of Poland, Dies at 86". New York Times.com. 2013-10-28. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
  2. Amnesty International, 12 September 2003, Amnesty International welcomes the election of a Board of Directors. Retrieved 1 August 2007.
  3. "Tadeusz Mazowiecki nie żyje. Miał 86 lat. "Uczył nas pokory w polityce"" (in Polish). Gazeta Wyborcza. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Tadeusz Mazowiecki at Wikimedia Commons