Tancredo Neves

Brazilian politician (1910-1985)

Tancredo de Almeida Neves SFO (Portuguese pronunciation: [tɐ̃ˈkɾedu dʒi aw'mejdɐ ˈnɛvis]) (March 4, 1910 – April 21, 1985) was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and businessman who was the President-elect of Brazil in 1985, but died before taking office.

Tancredo Neves
President-elect of Brazil
In office
Never sworn in[a]
Vice PresidentJosé Sarney
Preceded byJoão Figueiredo
Succeeded byJosé Sarney
Prime Minister of the United States of Brazil
In office
September 8, 1961 – July 12, 1962
PresidentJoão Goulart
Preceded byPosition re-established
Succeeded byBrochado da Rocha
Governor of Minas Gerais
In office
March 15, 1983 – August 14, 1984
Vice GovernorHélio Garcia
Preceded byFrancelino Pereira
Succeeded byHélio Garcia
Senator for Minas Gerais
In office
February 1, 1979 – March 14, 1983
Federal Deputy from Minas Gerais
In office
February 1, 1963 – February 1, 1979
In office
February 1, 1951 – February 1, 1955
Minister of Finance
In office
March 23, 1962 – May 9, 1962
PresidentJoão Goulart
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byWalter Moreira Salles
Succeeded byWalter Moreira Salles
Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs
In office
September 8, 1961 – October 12, 1961
PresidentJoão Goulart
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byJosé Martins Rodrigues
Succeeded byAlfredo Nasser
In office
June 26, 1953 – August 24, 1954
PresidentGetúlio Vargas
Preceded byNegrão de Lima
Succeeded byMiguel Seabra Fagundes
Personal details
Tancredo de Almeida Neves

(1910-03-04)March 4, 1910
São João del-Rei, Minas Gerais, Brazil
DiedApril 21, 1985(1985-04-21) (aged 75)
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Political party
  • PP (1933–1934)
  • PPM (1934–1937)
  • PNM (1937–1945)
  • PSD (1945–1965)
  • MDB (1965–1979)
  • PP (1980–1981)
  • PMDB (1982–1985)
Spouse(s)Risoleta Guimarães Tolentino
Alma materUFMG School of Law

Early life change

Tancredo Neves was born in São João del-Rei, Minas Gerais. He was of Austrian descent.[1]

Neves studied at Colégio Santo Antônio, a Franciscan school. In 1928 he began studies at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais where he earned a bachelor's degree in Law, in 1932 and was a public prosecutor in 1933.[2]

Political career change

He was Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs from 1953 to 1954, Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962, Minister of Finance in 1962, and as Governor of Minas Gerais from 1983 to 1984.

During his time as a deputy, Neves was a critic of the military regimes of Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Artur da Costa e Silva, Emílio Garrastazu Médici, Ernesto Geisel and João Figueiredo.[3]

President-elect and death change

He was elected President of Brazil in 1985, but died before he took office.[4][5]

Neves was supposed to be inaugurated as the Brazilian president on 15 March 1985, however the day before his vice president Jose Sarney became acting president after being sworn-in while Neves recovered from surgery.[6][7] He died of diverticulitis at a São Paulo hospital on 21 April 1985, aged 75.[8][9][10] It was also reported Neves had stomach cancer, but his diagnosis was kept secret.[7]

Notes change

  1. On March 14, 1985, on the eve of his inauguration, Tancredo had to be hospitalized for an emergency intestinal surgery, and he remained hospitalized until his death on April 21, 1985. From March 15, 1985, Vice President José Sarney carried out presidential duties on an interim basis. He is, by law 7,645 of April 21, 1986, "for all legal purposes, considered among those anointed by the Brazilian nation to the supreme magistracy."

References change

  1. KOIFMAN, Fábio. Presidentes do Brasil: De Deodoro a FHC.
  2. "Tancredo Neves". Acervo Estadão. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  3. COUTO, Ronaldo Costa,História Indiscreta da ditadura e da abertura,Editora Record, 1998
  4. "Tancredo vence no Colégio Eleitoral, mas morre antes da posse". O Globo. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  5. "A história revisitada". Jornal do Comércio. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  6. "Discurso de Tancredo Neves preparado para a posse na Presidência da República". O Globo. 18 April 2010.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "TANCREDO TEVE UM TUMOR BENIGNO; OPERADO DE NOVO, ESTADO É GRAVE". Folha da Manhã. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  8. "A verdade sobre a morte de Tancredo Neves". Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  9. "O fator câncer". Istoé Independente. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  10. "Agonia e morte de Tancredo Neves". Observatório da Imprensa. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.