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Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. It is next to Africa's biggest lake, Lake Victoria.

United Republic of Tanzania

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika
'God Bless Africa'
Location of  Tanzania  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Tanzania  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Tanzania
CapitalDodoma (de jure) Dar es Salaam (de facto)
Largest cityDar es Salaam
Official languagesNone de jure
National languageSwahili[1]
Other languagesEnglish[1]
Religion
(2010 estimate)[2]
Christianity 61.4%
Islam 35.2%
Folk Religion 1.8%
Irreligious 1.4%
Other 0.2%
Demonym(s)Tanzanian
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic[3][4]
• President
John Pombe Magufuli
Samia Suluhu
Kassim Majaliwa
• Speaker
Job Ndugai
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
9 December 1961
10 December 1963
• Merger
26 April 1964
• Current constitution
25 April 1977
Area
• Total
947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi) (31st)
• Water (%)
6.4
Population
• 2016 estimate
55,572,201[5] (28th)
• 2012 census
44,928,923
• Density
47.5/km2 (123.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$163.522 billion[6]
• Per capita
$3,296[6]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$51.194 billion[6]
• Per capita
$1,032[6]
Gini (2012)37.8[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.531[8]
low · 151st
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+255[note 1]
ISO 3166 codeTZ
Internet TLD.tz
  1. Revised to $41.33 billion[9]
LocationTanzania.png

In 2017, there were about 54,000,000 people living in Tanzania.[10] They are divided into 120 tribes; none have more than 10% of the population. Tanzania is a multicultural society. There are many languages & religions in Tanzania; the main ones being Christianity and Arabic.

The president of the United Republic of Tanzania is John Magufuli. Tanzania is a member of the United Nations, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, SADC, PTA, and the ADB. It is also signatory to the Lome Convention.

Mainland Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) received independence in December 1961, while Zanzibar gained her independence in January 1964, through a revolution. The two countries joined together to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. Until July 1992, Tanzania was a one-party state. Following a Presidential Commission, the country has started a multi-party political system. It has held successful general elections in 1995 and 2000. "

RegionsEdit

 
Regions of Tanzania

Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions. 21 are on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.

Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West

Related pagesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. +007 from Kenya and Uganda.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Tanzania". Ethnologue. SIL Internationa.
  2. | CIA World Factbook] 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  3. David Lawrence (2009). Tanzania: The Land, Its People and Contemporary Life. Intercontinental Books. p. 146. ISBN 978-9987-9308-3-8.
  4. "About the United Republic of Tanzania". Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations. Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Tanzania. IMF.org
  7. "GINI Index". The World Bank. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  8. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  9. "UPDATE 2-Tanzania's GDP expands by 32 pct after rebasing – officials". Reuters. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  10. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-06.

Other websitesEdit