Temperate rainforest

forest in the temperate zone with heavy rainfall

Temperate rainforests are coniferous or broadleaf forests. They are in the temperate zone, and get heavy rain.

Global distribution of temperate rainforests
Western hemlock forest, Gwaii Haanas, Canada
Antarctic beech trees in Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia
Tree ferns in temperate rainforest in Tasmania, Australia

Temperate rainforest often occur in areas which have an oceanic moist climate. They are very notable for their lichen.[1]

In many ways, they are similar to tropical rainforests, but they are in areas that are not as hot.[2][3]

The conditions are very moist, and more open to light than a tropical rain forest. The lower levels of the forest have an understory. This means that, under the trees, fungi, moss, ferns, shrubs with berries grow. Lichens are common in temperate rain forests.

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  1. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-66989115
  2. Alaback P.B. 1991. Comparative ecology of temperate rainforests of the Americas along analogous climatic gradients. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 64: 399–412.
  3. Floyd A. 1990. Australian Rainforests in New South Wales, Vol. 1. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW. ISBN 0949324302