The Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War. It was started on 30 January 1968 by communist forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnam against South Vietnam, the United States and their allies.
Tết Mậu Thân
|Part of the Vietnam War|
Some Communist targets during the Tet Offensive
|Commanders and leaders|
|William Westmoreland||Hoàng Văn Thái|
|~1,000,000||~323,000 - 595,000|
|Casualties and losses|
In phase 1:
In phase 1::
Total 3 phases: 111,179 casualties (45,267 killed, 61,267 wounded, 5,070 missing)
|Civilian: 14,000 killed, 24,000 wounded|
The purpose of it was to surprise the enemy with attacks against military and civilian commands and control centers in South Vietnam.
Eventually, the US and South Vietnam fought off the communist forces and won a military victory. However, the Tet Offensive was when the majority of Americans went from supporting the US fighting in Vietnam to standing against it. This was because the US military and government told its own citizens that the US was close to winning, but the Tet Offensive disproved that. It was said that it was during the Tet Offensive where the US won the battle but lost the war.
- Smedberg, p. 188
- Editors, History com. "Tet Offensive". HISTORY.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Hoang, p. 8.
- South Vietnamese government estimated communist forces numbered 323,000, including 130,000 regulars and 160,000 guerrillas. Hoang, p. 10. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam estimated that strength at 330,000. The CIA and the U.S. State Department concluded that the communist force level lay somewhere between 435,000 and 595,000. Dougan and Weiss, p. 184.
- Tổng công kích, Tổng nổi dậy Tết mậu thân 1968 (Tet Offensive 1968) - ARVN's Đại Nam publishing in 1969, p. 35
- Does not include ARVN or U.S. casualties incurred during the "Border Battles"; ARVN killed, wounded, or missing from Phase III; U.S. wounded from Phase III; or U.S. missing during Phases II and III.
- Includes casualties incurred during the "Border Battles", Tet Mau Than, and the second and third phases of the offensive. General Tran Van Tra claimed that from January through August 1968 the offensive had cost the communists more than 75.000 dead and wounded. This is probably a low estimate. Tran Van Tra, Tet, in Jayne S. Warner and Luu Doan Huynh, eds., The Vietnam War: Vietnamese and American Perspectives. Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1993, pgs. 49 & 50.
- PAVN's Department of warfare, 124th/TGi, document 1.103 (11-2-1969)
- "Tet Offensive: How Lyndon B. Johnson Won the Battle but Lost the War" (PDF).
- Bibliography: The Tet Offensive and the Battle of Khe Sanh
- Photographic history of 1st Air Cavalry Division Lurp / Rangers in the 1968 Tet Offensive
- "Saigon, Target Zero" (1968) Tet Offensive film from the USA National Archives and Records Administration
- United States History: Tet Offensive