Theodor Herzl

father of modern political Zionism (1860–1904)

Theodor Herzl (Hebrew: תִאוַדור הֶרְצְל, Ti'vadar Hertzel; Hungarian: Herzl Tivadar; May 2, 1860 – July 3, 1904) was the founder of the modern political Zionism that established the modern state of Israel. He died of cardiac sclerosis in 1904 in Austria. He was buried in Mount Herzl, which was named for him. Until 1949, Mount Herzl was the only National Military and Police Cemetery. After 1951 the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma) was opened beside his grave in the Southern side of Mount Herzl. Also a section for his family graves was built near Mount Herzl Plaza and his grave.

Theodor Herzl
תִאוַדור הֶרְצְל
Theodor Herzl
Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl
Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב הֶרְצֵל

(1860-05-02)May 2, 1860
DiedJuly 3, 1904(1904-07-03) (aged 44)
Resting placeMount Herzl
Other namesחוֹזֵה הַמְדִינָה (Khozeh HaMedinah, lit. "Visionary of the State")

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