Toraja people

Indonesian ethnic group indigenous to a mountainous region of South Sulawesi

The Toraja are an ethnic group, indigenous to a part of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. There are about 650,000 of them around the world. 450,000 of these still live in the regency of Tana Toraja ("Land of Toraja").[1] Most of them are Christian. Others of them are Muslim or have local animist beliefs known as aluk ("the way"). The Indonesian government has recognized this animist belief as Aluk To Dolo ("Way of the Ancestors").

Toraja house.jpg
Toraja traditional house, tongkonan.
Total population
Regions with significant populations
West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi
Toraja-Sa'dan, Kalumpang, Mamasa, Ta'e, Talondo', and Toala'.
Protestant: 65.15%, Catholic: 16.97%, Islam: 5.99% and Torajan Hindu (Aluk To Dolo): 5.99%.[1]
Related ethnic groups
Bugis, Makassarese[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Tana Toraja official website" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2006-10-04.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  2. Bugis and Makassere people constitute the coastal region surrounding Toraja. In fact, the term "toraja" was invented by these coastal people to refer the isolated mountainous people.

Further readingEdit

  • Parinding, Samban C. and Achjadi, Judi (1988). Toraja: Indonesia's Mountain Eden. Singapore: Time Edition. ISBN 981-204-016-1.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Douglas W. Hollan and Jane C. Wellenkamp (1996). The Thread of Life: Toraja Reflections on the Life Cycle. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-82481-839-3.

Other websitesEdit