any ester of glycerol having all three hydroxyl groups esterified with fatty acids

A triglyceride /traiGLIseraid/ is a type of ester that comes from glycerol and three fatty acids.[1] Triglycerides are a type of lipid found in the blood. They help enable the movement of adipose fat and glucose from the liver. Triglycerides are the main molecules that make up vegetable oil and animal fats.[2] They are also a major component of oils found on human skin (sebum).[3] Too much triglycerides has been linked to a number of cardiovascular diseases.[4]


  1. "Nomenclature of Lipids". IUPAC-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (CBN). Retrieved 2007-03-08.
  2. Nelson, D. L.; Cox, M. M. "Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry" 3rd Ed. Worth Publishing: New York, 2000. ISBN 1-57259-153-6.
  3. Lampe, A.L. Burlingame, J. Whitney, M.L. Williams, B.E. Brown, E. Roitman, and M. Elias, M.A. (1983). "Human stratum corneum lipids: characterization and regional variations". J. Lipid Res. 24 (2): 120–130. doi:10.1016/S0022-2275(20)38005-6. PMID 6833889.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. McBride, Patrick (October 2008). "Triglycerides and risk for coronary artery disease". Current Atherosclerosis Reports. 10 (5): 386–390. doi:10.1007/s11883-008-0060-9. ISSN 1534-6242. PMID 18706279. S2CID 37370341.