Turkmen people

Turkic ethnic group native to Central Asia, living mainly in Turkmenistan, northern and northeastern regions of Iran and Afghanistan

Turkmens are one of the main Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia, mainly in Turkmenistan, ethnic minorities in Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Afghanistan and Iran. They speak Turkmen language of the Turkic languages family. Engagements, marriages, and the circumcision of boys, known as the sünnet parties, are big festivals.

Turkmen people
Senior Citizen in Ashgabat.jpg
Turkmen man of Ashgabat wearing a traditional Kalpak hat
Total population
c. 6 million[a]
Regions with significant populations
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan4,248,000[1]
Iran Iran1,328,585[2]
Afghanistan Afghanistan200,000[3]
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan152,000[4]
Pakistan Pakistan110,000[5]
Russia Russia46,885[6]
Tajikistan Tajikistan15,171[7]
Ukraine Ukraine7,709[8]
Turkmen language
Mostly Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Other Turkic peoples

The term Turkoman was also used for people who take a Turkish identity and lost there own original Background, as example in the case of the so called Balkan Turkoman Gipsys, a subgroup of the Xoraxane Roma.[9]

Related pagesEdit


  1. "The World Factbook". Archived from the original on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  2. "The World Factbook". Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  3. "Ethnic Groups". Library of Congress Country Studies. 1997. Retrieved 2010-10-08. ^ Jump up to: a b
  4. Alisher Ilhamov (2002). Ethnic Atlas of Uzbekistan. Open Society Institute: Tashkent.
  5. Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "UNHCR - The UN Refugee Agency" (PDF). www.unhcr.org.
  6. 2002 Russian census
  7. 2002 Tajikistani census (2010)
  8. "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  9. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/355873685_Turcoman_Gypsies_in_the_Balkans_Just_a_Preferred_Identity_or_More