Union Public Service Commission

Constitutional Organization

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC; Hindi: संघ लोक सेवा आयोग) is a board in India which conduct several exams to select grade 1 officer for Indian government. UPSC is also responsible for traning and allocation of positions to its different selected candidates.

Union Public Service Commission
संघ लोक सेवा आयोग

Emblem of India
Commission overview
FormedOctober 1, 1926 (1926-10-01)
Preceding agencies
  • Federal Public Service Commission
  • Public Service Commission
JurisdictionRepublic of India
HeadquartersDholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi
28°36′29″N 77°13′37″E / 28.6080°N 77.2269°E / 28.6080; 77.2269
Commission executive
Parent departmentGovernment of India

Popular exams conducted by UPSC are Civil services, CDS, IES, NDA and IFOS.

Apart from these five exams, UPSC also conducts many other exams through UPSC Recruitment[2] to facilitate government vacancies in various government departments of India, through which it recruits civil service candidates for the Government of India.



Merit based civil services exam system started in India since 1854. Before 1854 Directors of East India company use to recruit or nominate civil servannts and train them at Haileybury college in London. In early days of civil services exam pappern was focused to help Britishers for this post and exam use to be conducted only at London. It was first in 1922 that civil services exam started in India as well. First Indian to clear civil servant exam was Satender Nath Tagore in 1864 and till 1922 only 4 other Indians could clear civil services. In 1935 civil service commission was brough to "government of India act" It came in affect since 1st April 1937. It was called as Federal public service commission.

UPSC Recruitment Examination


UPSC All Examinations List

  • Civil Services Examination
  • Naval Academy Examination
  • Engineering Services Examination
  • Indian Forest Service Examination
  • Combined Geo-Scientist Examination
  • National Defence Academy Examination
  • Combined Medical Services Examination
  • Combined Defence Services Examination
  • Central Armed Police Forces Examination
  • Special Class Railway Apprentice Examination
  • Indian Economic Service - Indian Statistical Service Examination

Post Independence


India became Indipendent on 15th August 1947 and after inaugration of constitution of India on 26th January 1950, Federal Services commission of India was called Union Public services commission under clause (1) of article 378 of Indian constitution.

Every year about 1 Million students fill up form to apply for most prestigious and difficult exam in India called civil services conducted by UPSC.


  1. "The Commission". upsc.gov.in. UPSC. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  2. "UPSC Recruitment". upsc.gov.in. UPSC. Archived from the original on 26 August 2023. Retrieved 22 August 2023.

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