United States Space Force
The United States Space Force (USSF) is a part of the U.S. Armed Forces. It is focused on war in space. It is the sixth branch of the U.S. military.
|United States Space Force|
|Founded||20 December 2019 (as an independent service)|
1 September 1982 (40 years, 4 months as Air Force Space Command)
|Part of||Department of the Air Force|
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
|Commander-in-Chief||President Donald Trump|
|Secretary of Defense||Mark T. Esper|
|Secretary of the Air Force||Barbara Barrett|
|Chief of Space Operations||General John W. Raymond|
It is a part of the Department of the Air Force, one of the three parts of the Department of Defense. Because of this, the Space Force is led by the Secretary of the Air Force, who is under the Secretary of Defense. The leader of the Space Force is called the Chief of Space Operations.
However, Trump's then Defense Secretary James Mattis and Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson think it is a bad idea because it is "complex" and will override the Air Force's job. Many US Senators stated they would rather create a Space Corps inside the Air Force. The Air Force has had a "Space Command" since September 1, 1982. General John W. Raymond is nominated to be commander of Space Command in April 2019. His nomination will be heard in United State Senate in June 2019. He was previously head of U.S. Air Force Space Command.
On 20 December 2019, the Space Force became the sixth armed service branch. General John W. Raymond became the first Chief of Space Operations. Air Force Secretary Barbara Barrett approved the moving of part of the Air Force to the Space Force and making it the Space Operations Command. This happened on 20 December 2019.
Functions and dutiesEdit
The United States Space Force Act says that it will exist to make sure that the United States can operate freely in space. It ensures that they can conduct military actions in space quickly and for a long time.
Its duties are to protect the interests of the United States in space. It also prevents attacks on the United States in and from space, and to generally operate in space.
The leader of the Space Force is the Chief of Space Operations (CSO), who is a general. The Chief of Space Operations will become a member of the Joint Staff one year after the Space Force Act was passed.
About 16,000 Air Force members are going to become part of the Space Force while the branch becomes part of the U.S. Armed Forces. It will have its own way of training members, and will create uniforms, ranks, logo, patch, awards, and an official song. This is supposed to happen within 18 months after the Space Force became independent.
- 21st Space Wing (21 SW), Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- 30th Space Wing (30 SW), Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
- 45th Space Wing (45 SW), Patrick Air Force Base, Florida
- 50th Space Wing (50 SW), Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado
- 460th Space Wing (460 SW), Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado
- 614th Air Operations Center (614 AOC), Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
- "U.S. Space Force Fact Sheet". Spaceforce.mil. United States Space Force. December 20, 2019. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
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- "AIR FORCE SPACE COMMAND HERITAGE". Retrieved August 11, 2018.
- "Raymond". United States Commitee on Armed Services. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
- Insinna, Valerie (2019-03-26). "Air Force's top space officer tapped to lead US Space Command". Defense News. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
- Clark, Dartunorro (2018-08-09). "Pence launches Space Force, says U.S. needs to prepare for 'next battlefield' "As President Trump has said, in his words, it is not enough to merely have an American presence in space — we must have American dominance in space," Pence said at the Pentagon Thursday". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
- CNN, Ryan Browne (December 20, 2019). "With a signature, Trump brings Space Force into being". CNN. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
- "14th Air Force now designated as U.S. Space Operations Command". UPI. 30 December 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
- "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020" (PDF). United States House of Representatives. December 2019.
- U.S. Department of Defense (February 2019). "United States Space Force Strategic Overview" (PDF). defense.gov. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- "The Space Force is officially the sixth military branch. Here's what that means". Air Force Times. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
- Official website
- Strategic Forces 115th Congress Archived 2018-12-21 at the Wayback Machine, Armed Service Republicans
- 20170622 Markup of HR2810 FY18NDAA — Strategic Forces (ID: 106134) U.S. House Armed Services Committee at YouTube
- H.R.2810 — National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 — House version, United States Congress
- S.1519 — National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 — Senate version, United States Congress
- Final Report on Organizational and Management Structure for the National Security Space Components of the Department of Defense