Indian state

Uttarakhand (उत्तरखन्द्), is a state in northern India. It had a population of 8,479,562 people according to the 2001 census. It covers an area of 20,682 square miles (53,570 km2). It is bigger than Bosnia and Herzegovina, but smaller than Croatia, although the border with China is still disputed. The land contains high mountains. In traditional Indian geography, it falls within the North Indian zone.

Clockwise from top: A view of the Garhwal Himalayas from Auli, Badrinath Temple at Badrinath, Kedarnath Temple at Kedarnath, the Raj Bhavan in Nainital, confluence of the Alaknanda and Mandakini rivers at Rudraprayag, a friendly tussle of two Indian elephants at the Jim Corbett National Park, and Har Ki Pauri in Haridwar.
("Land of the Gods")
Anthem: "Uttarakhand Devbhumi Matribhumi"[1]
("Uttarakhand, Land of the Gods, O Motherland!")
Location of Uttarakhand in India
Location of Uttarakhand in India
Map of Uttarakhand
Map of Uttarakhand
Coordinates (Dehradun): 30°20′N 78°04′E / 30.33°N 78.06°E / 30.33; 78.06 (Dehradun)
Formation9 November 2000
CapitalBhararisain (summer) Dehradun (winter)
Judicial seatNainital
Largest cityDehradun
 • TypeState Government
 • BodyGovernment of Uttarakhand
 • GovernorGurmit Singh
 • Chief MinisterPushkar Singh Dhami (BJP)[2]
 • Chief JusticeSanjaya Kumar Mishra (acting)[3]
 • Speaker of the AssemblyPremchand Aggarwal (BJP)
 • Legislature
 • Total53,483 km2 (20,650 sq mi)
 • Rank19th
Highest elevation7,816 m (25,643 ft)
 • Rank2nd
Lowest elevation190 m (620 ft)
 • Total10,086,292
 • Rank21st
 • Density189/km2 (490/sq mi)
  • Rank27th
 • Male
 • Female
GDP (nominal) (2019–20)
 • Total2.93 lakh crore (US$38 billion) (20th)[7]
 • Per capita220,275 (US$2,900) (10th)
 • OfficialHindi[8]
 • Additional officialSanskrit[9][10]
 • NativeGarhwali, Kumaoni and Jaunsari
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-UT
Vehicle registrationUK 01—XX
HDI (2018)Increase 0.684[11][12]
medium (18th)
Literacy (2011)87.60%[13] (17th)
Sex ratio (2011)963 /1000 [13] (14th)
Symbols of Uttarakhand[14]
Foundation dayUttarakhand Day[15]
MammalAlpine Musk Deer
BirdHimalayan Monal
FishGolden Mahseer[17][18]
ButterflyWest Himalayan Common Peacock[19][20]
FlowerBrahma Kamal[21]

Provincial symbols of Uttarakhand



  1. "Now Uttarakhand Will Sing Its Own Official Song". The Times of India. 6 February 2016. Archived from the original on 13 November 2018. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  2. "Pushkar Singh Dhami: BJP's Pushkar Singh Dhami to be next Uttarakhand chief minister". 4 July 2021. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  3. "An Advocate Must Be Inquisitive Like A Detective, Tenacious Like A Farmer & Precise Like A Surgeon : CJ RS Chauhan In Farewell Speech". www.livelaw.in. 5 January 2021. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  4. Asian News International (16 June 2019). "Nanda Devi: Operation to retrieve bodies of missing mountaineers hampered by bad weather". India Today. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  5. "Ichthyofaunal Diversity of Sharda Sagar Reservoir in Tarai Region" (PDF). Open Academics Journal Index. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  6. "MOSPI Gross State Domestic Product". Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, Government of India. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  7. "GDP per capita of Indian states - StatisticsTimes.com". statisticstimes.com. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  8. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
  9. Trivedi, Anupam (19 January 2010). "Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  10. "Sanskrit second official language of Uttarakhand". The Hindu. 21 January 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  11. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  12. "Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)" (PDF). planningcommission.gov.in. Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  14. "State Symbols of Uttarakhand". Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam Limited. Archived from the original on 15 July 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  15. Goyal, Shikha (7 November 2019). "Uttarakhand Foundation Day: All you need to know". Jagran Josh. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  16. "ढोल होगा उत्तराखण्ड का राज्य वाद्य" (in Hindi). Dainik Jagran. 13 February 2015. Archived from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  17. "State Fishes of India" (PDF). National Fisheries Development Board, Government of India. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  18. Sharma, Nihi (1 December 2017). "To protect the endangered 'mahaseer' fish, Uttarakhand set to rope in fishermen". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  19. "Common Peacock Male Papilio Bianor Polyctor". Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  20. "Uttarakhand To Declare Common Peacock As State Butterfly". 18 November 2016. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  21. "Uttarakhand State Signs | Uttarakhand State Tree". uttaraguide.com. 2012. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012. State Flower : Brahma Kamal
  22. "फुटबॉल होगा उत्तराखण्ड का राज्य खेल". Live Hindustan (in Hindi). 27 April 2011. Archived from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2018.

Other websites


  Media related to Uttarakhand at Wikimedia Commons