Uyghur people

Turkic ethnic group living in Central and Western Asia
(Redirected from Uyghurs)

The Uyghurs (wee-ger; 维吾尔人) are a Turkic people living mainly in Xinjiang, China. Over 11 million Uyghurs live there, more than any other part of the world. Some Uyghurs seek independence from China.[14]

Uyghur girl
Regions with significant populations
 Kazakhstan223,100 (2009)[2]
 Uzbekistan55,220 (2008)
 Kyrgyzstan49,000 (2009)[3]
 Turkey (Uyghurs in Turkey)45,800 (2010)[4][5]
 Saudi Arabia~50,000 (2013) (Saudi Labor Ministry)[6]
 Syria~3,500 (2015) (Uyghur Turkistan Islamic Party members plus families in Zanbaqi (الزنبقي) in Jisr al-Shughur)[7][8][9][10]
(Uyghurs in Pakistan)
~1,000 families (2010)[11]
 Russia3,696 (2010)[12]
 Ukraine197 (2001)[13]
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Uzbeks, other Turkic peoples and Tocharians

There are also many Uyghurs in Beijing, Shanghai[15] and Taoyuan County (Hunan, South-Central China).[16] There are Uyghur diasporic communities in Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Mongolia.

Uyghurs are mainly Muslim and speak Uyghur, a Turkic language. The Uyghur alphabet is based on the Arabic alphabet.

Uyghurs were originally from present-day Mongolia and immigrated to what is now Xinjiang during the 8th or 9th centuries AD.[17]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Statistical Yearbook of Xinjiang in 2016 Archived 2017-10-11 at the Wayback Machine
    Uyghur people
  2. Агентство Республики Каписью на 26,1% и составила 10098,6 тыс. человек. Увеличилась численность узбеков на 23,3%, составив 457,2 тыс. человек, уйгур - на 6%, составив 223,1 тыс. человек. Снизилась численность русских на 15,3%, составив 3797,0 тыс. человек; немцев - на 49,6%, составив 178,2 тыс. человек; украинцев – на 39,1%, составив 333,2 тыс. человек; татар – на 18,4%, составив 203,3 тыс. человек; других этносов – на 5,8%, составив 714,2 тыс. человек.
  3. Национальный статистический комитет Кыргызской Республики : Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009 года в цифрах и фактах - Архив Публикаций - КНИГА II (часть I в таблицах) : 3.1. Численность постоянного населения по национальностям Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Yitzhak Shichor; East-West Center (2009). Ethno-diplomacy, the Uyghur hitch in Sino-Turkish relations. East-West Center. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-932728-80-4.
  5. "Uygur Ajan Rabia Kadir, Doğu Türkistanlı Mücahidleri İhbar Etti". ISLAH HABER "Özgür Ümmetin Habercisi". 8 January 2015. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016.
  6. "Nitaqat rules for Palestinians and Turkistanis eased". Sadui Labor Ministry. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  7. ابنا, الميادين + (September 3, 2015). "قرية الزنبقي السورية أقرب إلى الصين منها الى دمشق + صور".
  8. "داعش جلب آلاف المقاتلين مع عائلاتهم إلى الرقة" – via
  9. الحربي, كتائب الإعلام. "كتائب الإعلام الحربي". Archived from the original on 2017-12-13. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  10. "بالفيديو : قرية الزنبقي يتحول الى مستوطنة للأيغور والتركمان". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  11. Hoshur, Shohret; Shemshidin, Zubeyra (2010-04-06), "Pakistan Uyghurs in Hiding: Brothers blame raids and arrests on pressure from China", Radio Free Asia, retrieved 2010-05-11
  12. "Перепись населения России 2010 года". Archived from the original on 2021-12-23. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  13. State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  14. "U.N. says it has credible reports that China holds million Uighurs in secret camps". Reuters. 2018-08-12. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2008-02-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. "Ethnic Uygurs in Hunan Live in Harmony with Han Chinese".
  17. Millward, James (2007). Eurasian Crossroads. Columbia University. pp. 42-43.

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