Varanasi

city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of India

Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी Vārāṇasī,Telugu: వారణాసి, [ʋaːɾaːɳəsiː), also commonly known as Banaras and Kashi, is a city situated on the banks of the river Ganga (Ganges) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh regarded holy by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains, and is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world along with Damascus.

Varanasi

Kashi
Banaras
Benares
Avimukta
Ānandavana
Rudravāsa[1]
Left to Right, Top to Bottom: Ahilya Ghat, Chet Singh Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ganga Aarti at Dashashwamedh Ghat, Ganges River bank along Varanasi, Man offering prayers to the river Ganga, Dashashwamedh Ghat
Left to Right, Top to Bottom: Ahilya Ghat, Chet Singh Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ganga Aarti at Dashashwamedh Ghat, Ganges River bank along Varanasi, Man offering prayers to the river Ganga, Dashashwamedh Ghat
Nickname(s): 
The spiritual capital of India
Varanasi is located in Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi
Varanasi
Location in Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi is located in India
Varanasi
Varanasi
Varanasi (India)
Varanasi is located in Asia
Varanasi
Varanasi
Varanasi (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°19′08″N 83°00′46″E / 25.31889°N 83.01278°E / 25.31889; 83.01278Coordinates: 25°19′08″N 83°00′46″E / 25.31889°N 83.01278°E / 25.31889; 83.01278
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionVaranasi
DistrictVaranasi
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyVaranasi Municipal Corporation
 • MayorMridula Jaiswal (BJP)
 • Divisional CommissionerDeepak Agarwal, IAS
 • District MagistrateKaushal Raj Sharma, IAS
 • Inspector General, Varanasi RangeVijay Singh Meena, IPS
 • Senior Superintendent of PolicePrabhakar Chaudhary, IPS
Area
 • Metropolis112.10 km2 (43.28 sq mi)
Elevation
80.71 m (264.80 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Metropolis1,201,815
 • Rank32nd
 • Density11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
 • Metro1,432,280 (32nd)
Language
 • OfficialHindi[3]
 • Additional officialUrdu[3]
 • RegionalBhojpuri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
221 001 to** (** area code)
Telephone code0542
Vehicle registrationUP 65
GDP$3.07 billion (2016–17)[4]
Per capita incomeINR 1,93 616[5]
Sex ratio0.926 (2011) /
Literacy (2011)80.12%[6]
HDI0.645[7]
Websitevaranasi.nic.in

Notable peopleEdit

Rani Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi from 1842 to 6/18/1858, an Indian queen and charismatic female strategist, was born here, named Manikarnika. On 10 May 1857, she led the Hindu revolt, also known as India's First War of Independence, against the British navy. She died on 6/17/1858 or 6/18/1858 at age 29.

ReferencesEdit

Other websitesEdit



  1. "Varanasi: About the city". Official website of Uttar Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  2. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  4. "Yogi Adityanath is right. Route to UP's $1 trillion GDP goal passes through hinterland". Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  5. "Executive Summary" (PDF). Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  6. "Varanasi City Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  7. http://ssca.org.in/media/4_2016_HDI_t1hcMZm.pdf