Vladimir Markovnikov

Russian chemist

Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov was a Russian chemist.[1]

Vladimir Markovnikov
BornDecember 25, 1837 Knyaginino, Nizhny Novgorod Governorate, Russian Empire
DiedFebruary 11, 1904 (aged 65) Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Alma materUniversity of Kazan


Markovnikov studied economics at the University of Kazan and also studied chemistry.[2]


Markovnikov began his career at University where he rose to rank of professor at University of Odessa. He was the one that postulated Markovnikov's rule, which stated that in addition to polar reagent to unsymmetrical alkene the positive part of the polar reagent is attached to the carbon having the highest number of hydrogen while the negative part of the polar reagent is attached to the carbon having the lowest number of hydrogen. Markovnikov also contributed to organic chemistry by finding carbon rings with more than six carbon atoms, a ring with four carbon atoms.[3]


  1. "Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov | Russian chemist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  2. "Markovnikov, Vladimir Vasilevich | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  3. French2006-03-01T00:00:00+00:00, Gilly. "In the steps of Markovnikov". RSC Education. Retrieved 2021-04-13.