Volga

river in Russia; the longest river in Europe

The Volga is the longest river in Europe.[13] In Russian it is called Волга, in the Tatar language its name is İdel.

Volga
Волга  (Russian)
Yaroslavl. Volga River. Cathedral of the Dormition P5212700 2200.jpg
The Volga at Yaroslavl
Volgarivermap.png
Map of the Volga drainage basin
EtymologyProto-Slavic *vòlga "wetness"
Location
LocationEastern Europe
CountryRussian Federation
CitiesTver, Yaroslavl, Nizhny Novgorod, Cheboksary, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Samara, Saratov, Volgograd, Astrakhan
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationValdai Hills, Tver Oblast
 - coordinates57°15′4.7″N 32°28′5.1″E / 57.251306°N 32.468083°E / 57.251306; 32.468083
 - elevation228[1] m (748 ft)
MouthCaspian Sea
 - locationAstrakhan Oblast
 - coordinates45°50′N 47°58′E / 45.833°N 47.967°E / 45.833; 47.967[2]
 - elevation−28[1] m (−92 ft)
Length3,531 km (2,194 mi)[3]
Basin size1,360,000 km2 (530,000 sq mi)[3] 1,404,107.6 km2 (542,129.0 sq mi)[6]
Discharge 
 - locationAstrakhan (Basin size: 1,391,271.8 km2 (537,173.0 sq mi)
 - average8,060 m3/s (285,000 cu ft/s)

8,103.078 m3/s (286,157.5 cu ft/s)[4]

Volga Delta: 8,110.544 m3/s (286,421.2 cu ft/s)[5]
 - minimum5,000 m3/s (180,000 cu ft/s)
 - maximum48,500 m3/s (1,710,000 cu ft/s)
Discharge 
 - locationVolgograd (Basin size: 1,359,396.8 km2 (524,866.0 sq mi)
 - average8,150 m3/s (288,000 cu ft/s) 8,228.298 m3/s (290,579.6 cu ft/s)[7]
 - minimum5,090 m3/s (180,000 cu ft/s)
 - maximum48,450 m3/s (1,711,000 cu ft/s)
Discharge 
 - locationSamara (Basin size: 1,218,995.3 km2 (470,656.7 sq mi)
 - average7,680 m3/s (271,000 cu ft/s) 7,785.921 m3/s (274,957.2 cu ft/s)[8]
Discharge 
 - locationNizhny Novgorod (Basin size: 479,637.3 km2 (185,189.0 sq mi)
 - average2,940 m3/s (104,000 cu ft/s)

2,806.467 m3/s (99,109.4 cu ft/s)[9]

Yaroslavl (Basin size: 153,657.8 km2 (59,327.6 sq mi): 1,008.277 m3/s (35,607.0 cu ft/s)[10]

Rybinsk (Basin size: 150,119.8 km2 (57,961.6 sq mi): 993.253 m3/s (35,076.4 cu ft/s)[11]
Discharge 
 - locationTver (Basin size: 24,658.6 km2 (9,520.7 sq mi)
 - average176 m3/s (6,200 cu ft/s) 186.157 m3/s (6,574.1 cu ft/s)[12]
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftKama
 - rightOka

Many people see it as the national river of Russia. It flows through the western part of the country. It is Europe's longest river, with a length of 3,530 kilometres,[14] and forms the core of the largest river system in Europe.

It rises in the Valdai Hills of Russia, 225m above sea level north-west of Moscow. The Kama, Oka, Vetluga and the Sura are its main tributaries. The Volga and its tributaries form the Volga river system, which drains an area of about 1.35 million square kilometres in Russia. The Volga Delta has a length of about 160 kilometres. It includes 555 channels and small streams. It is the largest estuary in Europe. It is the only place in Russia where pelicans, flamingoes, and lotuses may be found. The Volga freezes for most of its length for three months each year. Some of the biggest reservoirs in the world can be found along the river.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. pp. 406. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  2. Volga at GEOnet Names Server
  3. 3.0 3.1 «Река Волга» Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine, Russian State Water Registry
  4. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  5. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  6. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  7. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  8. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  9. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  10. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  11. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  12. "Rivers Network". 2020.
  13. "The Volga River". Rivers of Life. Center for Global Environmental Education - Hamline University Graduate School of Education. 2001. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  14. "Volga Longest River In Europe". ArrestedWorld. Retrieved 2020-10-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Volga River at Wikimedia Commons