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Vostok 1

spaceflight of the Vostok programme

Vostok 1 (Russian: Восто́к, East or Orient 1) was the first flight to take a human into space. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961.[7] It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. The Vostok 1 mission was the first time a person went into outer space and the first time anyone had entered into orbit. The flight made one orbit and lasted for 1 hour, 48 minutes.[7]:53 The Vostok 1 was launched by the Soviet space program and made by the Soviet rocket scientists Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov.

Vostok 1
Vostok spacecraft.jpg
Model of the Vostok spacecraft
OperatorSoviet space program
Harvard designation1961 Mu 1
COSPAR ID1961-012A
SATCAT no.103
Mission duration1 hour, 48 minutes[1]
Orbits completed1
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftVostok-3KA No.3
ManufacturerExperimental Design Bureau OKB-1
Launch mass4,725 kg (10,417 lb)[1]
Landing mass2,400 kg (5,290 lb)
Dimensions2.30 m (7 ft 6.5 in) diameter
Crew
Crew size1
MembersYuri Gagarin
CallsignКедр (KedrSiberian pine)[2]
Start of mission
Launch dateApril 12, 1961, 06:07 (1961-04-12UTC06:07) UTC[3]
RocketVostok-K 8K72K
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
45°55′13″N 63°20′32″E / 45.920278°N 63.342222°E / 45.920278; 63.342222[4]
End of mission
Landing dateApril 12, 1961, 07:55 (1961-04-12UTC07:56) UTC
Landing site51°16′14″N 45°59′50″E / 51.270682°N 45.99727°E / 51.270682; 45.99727[5][6]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee169 km (91 nmi)[3]
Apogee327 km (177 nmi)[1]
Inclination64.95 degrees[3]
Period89.1 minutes
EpochApril 12, 1961
Gagarin in Sweden.jpg
Yuri Gagarin in Sweden
Vostok programme
Manned flights
 

The Vostok spacecraft weighed 4.73 t (10,400 lb), was 4.4 m (14 ft) long and 2.43 m (8.0 ft) in diameter.[7]:52 The cosmonaut flew inside a spherical module. He sat on a seat which was also an ejection seat which allowed the cosmonaut to escape from the spacecraft. The flight was simple, the cosmonaut was simply a passenger.[7]:52 There were controls for use in an emergency.[8] The spacecraft had a food locker, radio, an experiment cabinet, and a round window. Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft after re-entry and landed by parachute.

There were six manned Vostok flights, the last one, Vostok 6, carried Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to go into space on June 16, 1963.[7]:53

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Aviation and Space World Records". Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI). Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  2. Siddiqi, p.275
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Vostok 1 – NSSDC ID: 1961-012A". NASA.
  4. "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Launch Pad – Gagarin's Start photo". Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  5. "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Landing Site – Monument". Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  6. "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Landing Site – Monument Photo". Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Furniss, Tim (2001). The History of Space Vehicles. London: Grange Books. ISBN 1-84013-370-8.
  8. "Vostok 1". astronautix.com. 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2012.