Walt Disney

American animator and producer (1901–1966)

Walter Elias "Walt" Disney (/ˈdɪzni/;[2] December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, writer, voice actor and film producer. Disney was an important person in the American animation industry and throughout the world. He is regarded as an international icon and philanthropist. He is well known for his influence and contributions to the field of entertainment during the 20th century. Along with his brother Roy Disney, he was the founder of Walt Disney Productions. The corporation is now known as The Walt Disney Company.[3] He is also famous for Disneyland. Current Walt Disney Company Key People : Charlie Collier (Chairman/CEO, Entertainment), Roger Iger as CEO, John Nallen COO, Viet Dinh CLO, Steve Tomsic CFO, previously 20th Century Fox (now part of Disney) Stacey Snider CEO, John Gelke VP Global Operations, J Young SVP Growth, Gerard Devan Group Executive APAC, Stephanie Gruber Group Executive Television, Christopher Greavu Vice President of Sales.

Walt Disney
Disney in 1946
Walter Elias Disney

(1901-12-05)December 5, 1901[1]
DiedDecember 15, 1966(1966-12-15) (aged 65)
Cause of deathLung cancer
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California, U.S.
EducationMcKinley High School, Chicago Academy of Fine Arts
OccupationCo-founder of The Walt Disney Company, formerly known as Walt Disney Productions
Years active1920–1966
Political partyRepublican
Board member ofThe Walt Disney Company
Spouse(s)Lillian Bounds (1925–66; his death)
ChildrenDiane Marie Disney
Sharon Mae Disney
Parent(s)Elias Disney
Flora Call Disney
RelativesRonald William Miller (son-in-law)
Robert Borgfeldt Brown (son-in-law)
Roy Edward Disney (nephew)
FamilyHerbert Arthur Disney (brother)
Raymond Arnold Disney (brother)
Roy Oliver Disney (brother)
Ruth Flora Disney (sister)
Awards7 Emmy Awards
22 Academy Awards
Cecil B. DeMille Award

As an extraordinary animator and entrepreneur, Disney was well known as a movie producer and a showman, as well as an innovator in animation and theme park design. He and his staff created some of the world's most well-known fictional characters including Mickey Mouse. He provided the original voice for Mickey Mouse. He received four honorary Academy Awards and won 22 Academy Awards from a total of 59 nominations, including a record four in one year. It gave him more awards and nominations than any other person in history. Disney also won seven Emmy Awards. He gave his name to the Disneyland, and Walt Disney World Resort theme parks in the United States, as well as international resorts like Tokyo Disney Resort, Disneyland Paris, and Hong Kong Disneyland. Key People : Charlie Collier (Chairman/CEO, Entertainment), Roger Iger as CEO, John Nallen COO, Viet Dinh CLO, Steve Tomsic CFO, previously 20th Century Fox (now part of Disney) Stacey Snider CEO, John Gelke VP Global Operations, J Young SVP Growth, Gerard Devan Group Executive APAC, Stephanie Gruber Group Executive Television, Christopher Greavu Vice President of Sales.

He died on December 15, 1966 from lung cancer aged 65. A year later, construction of the Walt Disney World Resort began in Florida. His brother Roy Disney inaugurated the Magic Kingdom in 1971.

Early life Edit

Walter Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901 at 2156 North Tripp Avenue in Hermosa, Chicago, Illinois. His father, Elias Disney, had Irish-Canadian ancestry and his mother, Flora Call Disney, had German and English ancestry.[4][5] His great-grandfather, Arundel Elias Disney, had emigrated from Gowran, County Kilkenny, Ireland where he was born in 1801. Arundel Disney was a descendant of Robert d'Isigny, a Frenchman who had traveled to England with William the Conqueror in 1066.[6] The d'Isigny name was anglicized as "Disney" and the family settled in a village now known as Norton Disney, south of the city of Lincoln, in the county of Lincolnshire.

Career Edit

About the time Disney was entering high school, his family moved to the city of Chicago. Disney took classes at the Chicago Art Institute and drew for the school newspaper. When he was sixteen, Disney decided he wanted to help fight in World War I. Since he was still too young to join the army, he dropped out of school and joined the Red Cross. He spent the next year driving ambulances for the Red Cross in France.

Disney's best-known creation is the cartoon character, Mickey Mouse. Disney even provided the voice for Mickey Mouse for many years. Donald Duck is another famous creation. Minnie Mouse and Pluto are also his creations. Disney was once fired from a newspaper company in Kansas City, Missouri because of his lack of creativity.

Disney began as a cartoonist in the 1920s. He created Oswald the Lucky Rabbit but lost ownership of the character due to a contract problem. He then created Mickey Mouse. Disney started the Walt Disney Studios and created the first full-length animated movie when he created Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937). The movie was a huge success. The money from the movie helped Disney create many more cartoons and movies such as Fantasia, Pinocchio (both 1940), Dumbo (1941), and Bambi (1942). New animated and live-action films followed after World War II, including the critically successful Cinderella (1950), Peter Pan (1953), and Mary Poppins (1964), the latter of which received five Academy Awards. He earned 32 academy awards. Disney once refused an offer from Alfred Hitchcock to make a movie at Disney World after Hitchcock filmed Psycho. He also served as the host of The Wonderful World of Disney, a weekly variety show that had Disney cartoons and some live-action skits.

In the 1950s, Disney created Disneyland in Anaheim, California. Disneyland was the first modern theme park. Disney also bought the land for Walt Disney World Resort in Florida. Disney did not see Walt Disney World finished though because he died before it opened. Both Disneyland and Walt Disney World (and now other Disney theme parks) are famous for their design, level of detail, being very clean, and animatronics.

Influences Edit

Winsor McCay, Arthur Rackham, Beatrix Potter, Leonardo Da Vinci, A.B. Frost, Henry J. Ford, Max Fleischer, George Herriman, Henry Rountree, Maxfield Parrish, John William Waterhouse, Charles Dana Gibson, Alphonse Mucha, Charles R. Knight, Frank Godwin, William Sadler, Jan Willem Pieneman, Robert Alexander Hillingford, Jean-François Millet, Richard Doyle, Albrecht Dürer, Alexander Litovchenko, John Roddam Spencer Stanhope, Isaac Israëls, Michelangelo Buonarotti, Paolo Vetri, Filippo Brunellesschi, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Thomas Edison, Benjamin Franklin, Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Mileva Marić, Sigmund Freud, Bud Fisher, Clifton Meek, N.C. Wyeth, Howard Pyle, William Blake, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Evelyn de Morgan, John Dickson Batten, Walter Crane, Henry Fuseli, Joseph Noel Paton, Hans Holbien, George Cruikshank, Richard F. Outcault, William Holman Hunt, Thomas Rowlandson, Carey Orr, Carl Emil Schultze, Rembrandt, Frederic Remmington, Eugene Delacroix, Ryan Walker, Gertrude Jekyll, Richard Redgrave, George Dunlop Leslie, Albert Tschautsch, Walter Firle, Reginald Birch, Alice B. Woodward, Arthur Hughes, T.S. Sullivant, Heinrich Kley, John Tenniel, E.C. Segar, John Bauer, Hal Foster, Arthur LeMay, Raoul Barré, René-Charles Béliveau, Rodolphe Töpffer, Gustave Doré, Wilhelm Busch, Edmund Duloc, Gustaf Tenggren, J.J. Grandville, Louis-Alexandre Gosset de Guines, Georges Colomb, Otto van Veen, Frans Hogenberg, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen, Aubrey Beardsley, Emmanuel Poiré, Achille Lemot, Oswald Heidbrinck, Poitevin, B. Brousset, Eugène Damblans, Henri Genevrier, W.J. Rogers, James Montgomery Flagg, Homer Calvin Davenport, Frederick Opper, Thomas Nast, Leon Barritt, John T. McCutcheon, Roland J. Scott, George Kerr, E.W. Kemble, Theodore Kittelsen, William Hogarth, Anthony van Dyck, Joshua Reynolds, Richard Arkwright, Johannes Kepler, Nicolaus Copernicus, René Descartes, John Locke, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Archimedes, Galileo Galilei, God, Thales of Miletus, Plato, Hero of Alexandria, James Akin, Thomas Newcomen, Ilya Repin, George McManus, Émile Cohl, The Brothers Grimm, H.G. Wells, Mary Austin, Jules Verne, L. Frank Baum, Charles Perraut, Hans Christian Anderson, Lewis Carroll, William Shakespeare, Charles Dickins, Mark Twain, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Thomas Hardy, Guy de Maupassant, Herman Melville, Arthur Machen, Knut Hamsun, Francis Parkman, Marie-Henri Beyle, Edward William Lane, Charles Darwin, J.R.R. Tolkien, James Gillray, Richard Newton, Rudyard Kipling, Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Fritz Lang, Victor Flemming, William Wyler, Jessie Wilcox Smith, William Heath Robinson, Frank E. Schoonover, Otto Messmer and Pat Sullivan

Death and legacy Edit

On December 15, 1966, Disney died of lung cancer in Burbank, California at the age of 65. His movies and theme parks are still enjoyed by millions of people around the world. His company continues to produce very successful new theme parks, cartoons and films.

After Disney's death, many rumors were spreading that Disney's body was cryonically frozen, and that he was stored beneath the Pirates of the Caribbean ride at Disneyland.[7] In reality, he was cremated and his ashes were scattered in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park cemetery in Glendale, California.[8]

Some people have accused Disney of being racist and antisemitic.[9] This was because he made some insensitive comments and included ethnic stereotypes in his cartoons and films, even though he employed a lot of Jews and people of different backgrounds.[10]

Related pages Edit

Newman Laugh-O-Gram (1921)

References Edit

  1. Smith, Thomas (December 5, 2012). "Celebrating Walt Disney's Birthday". disneyparks.disney.go.com. Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved February 19, 2020. ..Walt Disney was born on this day in 1901.
  2. "Definition of Disney, Walt in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on March 30, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  3. "Roy Disney, nephew of Walt Disney, dies at 79". Retrieved 2009-12-16.[permanent dead link]
  4. Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  5. "Walt Disney biography". Just Disney. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  6. Disneyland Paris. Michelin. August 7, 2002. p. 38. ISBN 2-06-048002-7.
  7. Mikkelson, B & DP (August 24, 2007). "Suspended Animation". Snopes.com. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  8. "No, Walt Disney Isn't Cryogenically Frozen". Gizmodo Australia. 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2019-11-19.
  9. "Walt Disney's grandniece backs up Meryl Streep's racism claims". The Independent. 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  10. Pierce, Todd James (2014-02-22). "In Defense of Walt - Walt Disney and Anti-Semitism". Disney History Institute. Retrieved 2020-07-18.

Other websites Edit