War of the First Coalition
1792-1797 set of battles between the French revolutionaries and the neighbouring monarchies
The War of the First Coalition (French: Guerre de la Première Coalition) was a series of wars between 1792 and 1797. The wars were fought between several European countries. They were first fought against the constitutional Kingdom of France and then the French Republic. The other countries did not fight together. There was very little agreement. Each country wanted a different part of France after a French defeat. This defeat never happened.
|War of the First Coalition|
|Part of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Coalition Wars|
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Left to right, top to bottom:
Battles of Valmy, Toulon, Fleurus, Quiberon, Arcole and Mantua
Parma (until 1796)
Prussia (until 1795)
Sardinia (until 1796)
Spain (until 1795)
Naples (until 1796)
Other Italian states
French naval allies:
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
94,000 soldiers killed in combat|
~282,000 died of disease
100,000 soldiers killed in combat|
~300,000 died of disease
- Holland, Arthur William (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.).
- ↑ Left the war after signing the Treaty of The Hague (1795) with France.
- ↑ Including the Army of Condé
- ↑ Nominally the Holy Roman Empire, under Austrian rule, also encompassed many other Italian states, such as the Duchy of Modena and the Duchy of Massa. Left the war after signing the Peace of Leoben with France.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Left the war after signing the Peace of Basel with France.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Left the war after signing the Peace of Paris with France.
- ↑ Left the war after signing the Treaty of Tolentino with France.
- ↑ Left the war after signing the Treaty of Paris with France.
- ↑ Virtually all of the Italian states, including the neutral Republic of Genoa and the Republic of Venice, as well the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, were conquered following Napoleon's invasion in 1796 and became French satellite states. The Principality of Monaco had been annexed in 1793.
- ↑ Yet Template:Country data Kingdom of the French until 1792
- ↑ Including the Polish Legions formed in French-allied Italy in 1797, following the abolition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth after the Third Partition in 1795.
- ↑ The French Revolutionary Army and Dutch revolutionaries overthrew the Dutch Republic and established the Batavian Republic as a puppet state in its place.
- ↑ Various conquered Italian states, including
the Cisalpine Republic from 1797
- ↑ Re-entered the war against Britain as an ally of France after signing the Second Treaty of San Ildefonso.
- ↑ Lynn, John A. "Recalculating French Army Growth during the Grand Siecle, 1610-1715." French Historical Studies 18, no. 4 (1994): 881-906, p. 904. Only counting frontline army troops, not naval personnel, militiamen, or reserves; the National Guard alone was supposed to provide a reserve of 1,200,000 men in 1789.
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Victimario Histórico Militar Capítulo IV Guerras de la Revolución Francesa ( 1789 a 1815 )
- ↑ Micheal Clodfelter, "Warfare and Armed Conflicts A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492–2015", 4th edition, MacFarland: 2017. Page 100.
- ↑ Clodfelter, p. 100.
- ↑ Holland 1911, Battle of Valmy.
- ↑ (in Dutch) Noah Shusterman – De Franse Revolutie (The French Revolution). Veen Media, Amsterdam, 2015. (Translation of: The French Revolution. Faith, Desire, and Politics. Routledge, London/New York, 2014.) Chapter 7 (p. 271–312) : The federalist revolts, the Vendée and the beginning of the Terror (summer–fall 1793).